5 CAUSES FOR BROWN DISCHARGE INSTEAD OF YOUR PERIOD.
Why does dark brown discharge appear?
Flash dark spots are very often frightening for women, causing anxiety and a lot of questions. Are they normal or indicative of a disease? Why did they appear and what should be done so that the precedent does not repeat itself? Let's figure it out.
Norm and pathology
Dark brown discharge between periods can be a symptom of a number of conditions in the following cases:
- if the woman does not take hormonal drugs (within 3 months from the date of treatment, such failures are allowed);
- if they are accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen, itching, burning sensation in the external genital area and in the vagina, fever and discomfort during intercourse;
- during menopause, when there was no period for more than a year;
- when they appear after sex.
Dark highlights are a variant of the norm in the following cases:
- occurred a few days or hours before menstruation;
- observed for several days after menstruation;
- in the middle of a cycle in women taking hormonal drugs;
- after rough sex;
- during the first sexual intercourse.
Why do dark highlights appear in the middle of the loop
In the absence of pathologies and with their insignificant volumes, discharge may indicate ovulation and are a variant of the norm. Otherwise, either uterine bleeding or intermenstrual bleeding is observed.
Uterine bleeding in the middle of the cycle may occur due to the following pathologies:
- Erosion of the cervix;
- Cancer of the cervix or uterus;
- Tumors of the appendages;
- Internal adenomyosis;
The listed diseases pose a great danger.
If mucus regularly appears after sex, erosion or cervical cancer can be suspected, and in case of pain, inflammation of the inner layer of the uterus.
The reasons for the appearance of intermenstrualbleeding can be hormonal drugs (pills, rings, patches) that are used for the first three months.
Otherwise, pathology is provoked by one of the following reasons:
- Medications that affect the cycle, such as estrogen supplements;
- Use of drugs for emergency contraception (eg Postinor , Ginepristone );
- Intrauterine device;
- Dysfunction of the thyroid gland, accompanied by low levels of thyroid hormones;
- Vaginal inflammation for STDs, genital infections;
- Hormonal imbalances such as progesterone deficiency, hyperprolactinemia;
- Genital trauma;
- Polycystic ovary disease;
- A range of gynecological procedures;
- Severe stress, shock, emotional shock, as well as a sharp change in climate.
If a woman often has unprotected sex with different sexual partners, an STD can be suspected. In this case, other symptoms are present: abdominal pain, itching, burning sensation when urinating. It may also indicate an ectopic pregnancy or miscarriage. These conditions are characterized by a very strong pain syndrome.
Dark discharge before and after periods
1-3 days before your period, this is considered a normal option.
Some brown or red smears may appear before regular periods.
If this continues for much longer, dark brown discharge is observed instead of menstruation, pathology can be suspected. The main reasons for this phenomenon are: severe stress, climate change, hormonal imbalance, hormonal intake, uterine polyps, endometrial hyperplasia and endometriosis (adenomyosis) of the cervix or the entire uterus.
Dark discharge after your period
If they last for 3 days from the end of menstruation, then they do not pose a danger - this is a natural process of cleansing the uterus. Otherwise, you need to visit a gynecologist, as there is a high probability of fibroids, endometriosis and similar pathologies.
Discharge after sex
As a rule, this phenomenon is accompanied by pain and discomfort. If this happens every time after sexual intercourse, one can suspect the presence of such serious diseases as cancer or erosion of the cervix, vaginal swelling.
Dark discharge after abortion
The secret that appears after this procedure is different from the usual menstruation. That is why it is important to know what is normal and what is pathology. The consequences of abortion include a violation of the menstrual function.cts.
And if there was unprotected sex within a month after the procedure, you need to undergo an ultrasound scan and exclude a new pregnancy.
It is also recommended to choose a contraceptive that will regulate the cycle and prevent complications.
The secret that occurs after an abortion is the same menstruation, but brown. It indicates that the bleeding is not intense, the blood has time to clot. Normally, discharge after an abortion lasts about 10 days. If they have clots, impurities, it is necessary to conduct an ultrasound scan to make sure that the uterus is completely cleansed.
Excessive bleeding after the procedure should alert you. Its presence is indicated by the use of two 4-drop pads within an hour. In this case, urgent hospitalization and appropriate therapy are required.
If the harsh shade changes, acquires a pungent, unpleasant odor, complications - infections can be suspected.
Dark discharge in different trimesters during pregnancy
In the first weeks, this phenomenon may be a sign of implantation of the ovum in the uterus. This process is associated with damage to small blood vessels, so the resulting discharge is rather scarce. Their distinctive feature is their individual character. In addition, they do not cause discomfort and are not accompanied by unpleasant symptoms.
Sometimes a woman who does not know about her pregnancy may think that the menstrual cycle has failed. But if you pay more attention to your body, you can find out about your situation quite early.
In the first trimester, they can occur due to hormone imbalances. Usually, discharge appears at a time when the next menstruation should have begun. This condition is not dangerous, does not cause discomfort, but requires consultation with a specialist. They, like after implantation of the ovum, are scanty, have no pungent odor and last a short time.
Also, discharge during pregnancy can be a symptom of an incipient miscarriage.
In this case, they can be both scanty and moderate, with or without mucus, and, as a rule, indicate detachment of the ovum. The detachment is accompanied by other symptoms: pain, nausea, up to vomiting. In such a situation, it is necessary to urgently call emergency help.
Regardless of the trimester, this phenomenon sometimes indicates cervical erosion or infectious / inflammatory processes. Erosion cannot be treated during gestation. With regard to infections and inflammation, the therapy in each case of the disease can be significantly different.
In the second and third trimester, brown vaginal mucus may indicate the aforementioned placental abruption or placental presentation.
In the first case, there may be a fairly heavy bleeding. Delamination in sMid-term pregnancy is not treatable, and doctors resort to caesarean section. Sometimes the latter can be postponed until later.
With placenta previa, the fetus, as it grows, puts more pressure on it. As a result, the vessels located in it are damaged. In this case, it is necessary to carefully monitor the condition of the child in the womb, as there is a risk of oxygen starvation due to compression of the placenta.
Never diagnose yourself on your own! Be sure to contact a specialist and adhere to the recommendations assigned by him. Health to you!