How to manage cold & sore throat in 3rd trimester of pregnancy?- Dr. Nupur Sood
What to do if sore throat during pregnancy?
It is a trifling matter to catch a virus, but during pregnancy, any colds are highly undesirable, since drug treatment can damage the unborn baby. And yet, not all expectant mothers manage to avoid the disease. How can you treat sore throat during pregnancy?
This article will consider sparing remedies for the treatment of colds, as well as the main causes and types of ailments in which a sore throat may begin.
Causes of sore throat
There may be several reasons for unpleasant sore throat, but they are conventionally divided into two categories: infectious and non-inflammatory. The first type of factors includes ailments caused by infectious pathogens.
In this case, sore throat can be caused by such diseases:
- mycosis of the larynx.
Doctors draw the attention of expectant mothers to the fact that throat treatment in the event of an infectious disease cannot be postponed, otherwise it will affect the health and development of the fetus.
The fact is that the inflammatory process in the nasopharynx is only localized, while the infection can go lower and affect the respiratory tract, thereby causing very serious health problems.
As already mentioned, such symptoms can be caused by other factors that are not infectious, namely:
- Diseases of the endocrine system. Often, perspiration occurs with thyroid dysfunction;
- Allergic reaction. Spasms in the larynx are often seen with allergies to blooms or pet hair;
- Mechanical damage to the pharynx. If foreign bodies enter the larynx (bone from fish or fruit), discomfort and pain also occur;
- Disorders in the digestive tract. The acid expelled by the stomach can sometimes enter the larynx, causing perspiration;
- Neurosis of the pharynx. In the event of a violation of innervation and damage to the nerve endings, a person may feel acute pain or a lump in the throat.
How to treat a cold
Whatwhat to do if it hurts in a sore throat during pregnancy? The first step is to establish the cause of the discomfort, as well as pay attention to the presence of accompanying symptoms.
As a rule, with a cold, the following symptomatic picture can be observed:
- general weakness;
- runny nose;
- dry and tingling sensation in the larynx;
- high temperature;
- enlargement of the tonsils;
If you find yourself with any of the above symptoms, most likely you have managed to catch a viral infection. How to treat a cold in this case?
It is categorically impossible to use traditional medicines to suppress infectious pathogens, so the first thing to do is to consult a doctor who will establish the cause of the disease and prescribe adequate medications that are allowed for pregnant women.
As a rule, for a mild cold, treatment is reduced to the use of natural antiseptics and absorbable tablets, which relieve unpleasant symptoms.
In addition, the doctor will certainly advise:
- Lie down. Bed rest does not guarantee a quick recovery, but it certainly does. Therefore, try to ensure yourself a good rest for the first few days;
- Drink hot drinks. If you just have a sore throat, but there is no swelling, you can safely drink 2-3 cups of black tea a day with honey and lemon;
- Use antiviral products. Foods like onions and garlic are the best natural remedies for fighting the virus. Of course, in the early stages, pregnant women may suffer from toxicosis, but if it is absent, do not neglect the use of these products;
- Carry out rinsing. Regular rinsing can be done up to ten times a day, so that the swelling of the larynx, as well as soreness, go away.
How to gargle?
Gargling with natural herbs is considered the safest and most effective treatment for colds in expectant mothers.
If you feel uncomfortable and have a sore throat during pregnancy, use these recipes for gargling solutions:
- Make a decoction of chamomile and sage, then mix it with 1 tsp. sea salt;
- In case of sore throat, a solution with soda, salt and a few drops of iodine will significantly alleviate the symptoms;
- Dissolve 1 tsp in 1 liter of warm water. propolis. It is advisable that it was previously infused with alcohol.
To achieve a quick effect, it is advisable to rinse at least once every hour and a half.
Only in such a situation will you be able to quickly cope with the swelling and pain in the larynx.
How to cure a cough?
If your throat is soreand there was a cough during pregnancy, you can't just sit back.
There are several effective ways to get rid of unpleasant symptoms, namely:
- You can get rid of a cough with milk diluted with 1 tsp. fat (goose fat is best);
- Honey and raspberries also have enveloping properties, so they can also be used in the absence of allergies;
- Brew a breast collection that you can buy at the pharmacy. But before you buy it, check the composition, some herbs have contraindications for use for expectant mothers;
- Inhalation with essential oils of thyme or chamomile will also soften the throat and relieve puffiness.
But before using these methods, consult your doctor. This is especially true for the option with inhalation. In case of intolerance to some odors and too deep breathing through the inhaler, attacks of severe coughing may occur.
How to get rid of rhinitis?
If a sore throat and a runny nose appear during pregnancy, use a vasoconstrictor. However, only a doctor can prescribe nasal drops, which will avoid the consequences of improper treatment. In this case, it is very important not to use such drops for a long period. In addition, phytoncides of onions allow to pierce the nose.
It is also considered a safe option to use a tortilla consisting of buckwheat flour and flower honey. Similar compresses are applied to the maxillary sinuses, which allows you to relieve puffiness and facilitate breathing through the nose. If you have a sore throat and other symptoms of a cold in early pregnancy, see a specialist first.
Only after establishing the cause of pain in the larynx will he be able to prescribe adequate treatment.
In addition, it is possible to significantly alleviate the symptoms with the help of folk remedies that will not in any way affect the condition of the fetus and will not harm the health of the expectant mother.
Whatever treatment you take, do consult a qualified professional.