How to suction an infant's nose with Amy Seery, MD
What to do if a newborn has snot?
Any, even the most primitive disease of a newborn baby can unsettle his mother and make him worry seriously. Such is the maternal instinct: we protect our offspring from almost any rustle, if only it was good and comfortable. Snot in a newborn is a common problem and cannot be called potentially dangerous.
But still, it is very unpleasant to watch how a child suffers from the inability to breathe normally. What to do in this case, and how to help your baby?
where to go in case of a cold in a newborn
The first thing you should do is seek qualified pediatric care. Please note that traditional treatment recipes are good only in combination with standard drug therapy. In addition, many of them are potentially dangerous for such a delicate and weak organism. Therefore, any initiative in this case is inappropriate.
It should also be understood that snot in infants is not necessarily associated with the onset of a respiratory illness.
The baby's nose, or rather its mucous membrane, is not fully developed now, and can secrete an excess of a secret only because its normal, adult work is not yet sufficiently regulated. This phenomenon is called physiological rhinitis in newborns.
What to do if a newborn has snot? How to help your baby and ease her suffering? After all, you probably know how much discomfort rhinitis brings even to an adult. The constant separation of secretions, drying out of the mucous membranes, nasal congestion ... All this greatly reduces the quality of life for you and me, let alone the baby. We'll tell you what to do if your little one is faced with a adult runny nose for the first time in his life.
Causes and features of a cold in infants
The most commonplace and common cause of rhinitis in an infant is, of course, the common cold. A baby can get it in the clinic or on the street. In addition, you can transmit the infection to him if you are sick yourself (as you know, there is an incubation period in which you may not even notice that caught a respiratory disease).
A viral infection or flu provokes not only mucus from the nose, but also extensive swelling of the mucous membrane itself. As a result, the baby's breathingvery difficult. Usually when bacteria are parasitized, the child's snot is yellow or green, but it can also be transparent.
An allergic reaction is another reason for rhinitis. In this case, the child may not be in direct contact with a potential irritant. A sensitizing reaction can occur against the background of unfavorable environmental conditions in your place of residence. You should also pay attention to the quality of household chemicals with which you wash the dishes of the newborn (if he is artificially fed). With an allergic rhinitis, a child has sneezing, swelling of the nasopharyngeal mucosa, and profuse mucus from the sinuses. And, as we have already mentioned, rhinitis can be purely physiological, due to the fact that the baby's nasopharyngeal mucosa is not yet sufficiently developed and cannot work in a stable, normal mode.
It also happens that the baby's nose is stuffy, but there is no snot at all. In this case, it is almost impossible to cope with rhinitis on your own.
We kindly ask you to contact a pediatrician to find out the causes of a cold in your baby. This is especially true when the child is sick for the first time. If the child only has a runny nose, you can go to the clinic on your own. If, at the same time, an increase in temperature is noted, as well as anxiety of the child, lethargy, refusal of breast - call the pediatrician at home. Especially, you should not postpone a call to a doctor if severe difficulty breathing, coughing and watery eyes are added to the runny nose.
Potential dangers of a cold in babies
I would not like to scare you, but rhinitis in a newborn child is not always as harmless as it seems to us, adults. Medicine knows cases of sudden death of children who suffered from a runny nose for a long time and did not receive proper help.
In case of lack of nasal breathing, the baby instinctively switches to mouth breathing. Prolonged rhinitis, associated with thick mucus blockage of the nasal passages, even led to suffocation. However, do not be afraid of such stories - they took place, but rather as an exception. Adequate parents always turn to a specialist, as a result of which the baby receives medical assistance in a timely manner.
If a newborn has green snot, the pediatrician will offer you mild antiviral drugs if the baby does not have specific contraindications. Yellow snot in a newborn baby is also a serious cause for concern. In this case, the nasal passages become clogged very quickly, which is due to their narrowness at this age. All this leads to respiratory arrest. Also, the baby may develop sinusitis, tonsillitis and pharyngitis.
Any complications in the first years of life have an extremely detrimental effect on the further health and life of the body.
In general, rhinitis in children is almost the same as in adults.
You can check ito for the following symptoms:
- Unreasonable anxiety and moodiness;
- Refusal of breast or artificial feeding (loss of appetite associated with discomfort when sucking and swallowing);
- Difficulty in nasal breathing;
- Discharge from the nasal passages of varying viscosity and intensity;
- Sniffing and sniffling.
Please note that with a large accumulation of mucus in the nasopharynx, it can be transported to the bronchi, provoking complications in the form of bronchitis. When it gets into the Eustachian tube, the baby may develop otitis media - ear inflammation. Treat your baby's cold symptoms with all the seriousness and responsibility of a conscientious and considerate mother.
Treating a cold in a newborn
So, what to do if you find rhinitis in your baby? First of all, you should thoroughly clean the nasal passages from the separated mucus. After all, think about it: your child cannot even blow his nose, which means that a runny nose gives him severe discomfort.
How to properly clear a newborn's nose from snot:
- Get a special device from the pharmacy called an aspirator;
- If this is not possible, use a small pear enema;
- Very carefully insert the device into the baby's nostril and collect mucus from the passage;
- If there is little mucus, you can use a regular cotton flagellum: push it into the nostril and twist it, as a result of which the snot will remain on the tampon. But do not overdo it and under no circumstances push the tampon too deep!;
- Vasoconstrictor drops are highly undesirable, but if your baby completely refuses to breast and does not eat even 1/3 of a standard portion of milk, this method will be a salvation. But they can only be used with the permission of a doctor.
If a newborn has a stuffy nose, but there is no snot, it makes sense to consult a pediatrician for the appointment of local vasoconstrictor drugs that fight nasal congestion. You should also find out the exact cause and deal directly with it. Please note that dealing with nasal congestion through the use of vasoconstrictor drops is quite dangerous, especially if used for a long time. Such drugs can provoke the so-called addiction , which in clinical practice is called toxic-allergic rhinitis.
If the baby has a high temperature, you should not organize walks in the fresh air. You should also refrain from bathing until your general condition improves.
Your doctor may advise you on the following treatment options:
- Instillation of the nose with soft herbal and oil drops;
- Use of vasoconstrictor drugs;
- Active humidification (since it is knownny moisturizing sprays based on sea water are contraindicated for infants by age, you should take care of humidifying the air in the apartment itself);
- Antiviral and immunomodulatory therapy;
- Using drops with antiseptics.
Folk remedies should be treated with extreme caution. For example, the harmless juice of aloe or Kalanchoe, prepared incorrectly (the leaves should lie for several days in a cool place), when instilled into the nose, can cause severe irritation of the mucous membrane. And the instillation of breast milk into the nose, beloved by many, may not only not help, but also harm the baby.
Be prudent and follow your doctor's advice to keep your child healthy!