Excision of a bump, was unsure of the diagnosis during surgery
What to do if a hard ball appears under the skin
There are people who are extremely careless about the state of their body and health and even ignore the obvious symptoms of pathology and do not take it seriously until bake . And there are those who are worried about the slightest deviation, and then they begin to ask many questions: what is it with me, why is this happening and what to do now?
For example, if a hard ball appears under the skin on the face or on the body - are such formations dangerous? And do I need to see a doctor if nothing hurts or bothers? How can you remove a ball under the skin if it is very noticeable, what doctors and cosmetologists would advise?
Causes of formations under the skin
Lumps under the skin can appear on the human body for a variety of reasons. Pay attention to:
- seal localization;
- color, shape, quantity, size of education;
- soreness and other sensations.
Most often, balls under the skin are found on the arm, leg or face, less often on the trunk and groin. These are usually benign formations. But if the ball under the skin hurts when pressed and grows, there is serious cause for concern.
Here are the most common types of growths under the skin and the reasons why they appear:
- Fats . These are small white lumps under the skin, elastic, mobile and painless, most often on the face, sometimes on the trunk and limbs. Another name is lipoma. Such formations are benign, they never degenerate into cancer. But they do not look very aesthetically pleasing, because if they are in a visible area of the face or body, many try to remove them.
- Atheroma . This is a small cyst under the skin filled with fluid or purulent contents. The cause of atheroma is a blockage of the sebaceous glands, often triggered by infection of the wound, a scratch, or an unsuccessful piercing. It usually occurs on the neck, trunk, but can also form on the penis when trying to introduce foreign bodies under the skin.
- Hernia . It looks like a dense, rather large ball under the skin, usually protruding on the stomach or groin. The reason is a decrease in the elasticity of muscle tissues, they weaken, a part of any of the internal organs falls into the gap between them. The hernia is painful, but if the patient takes a horizontal position, it will disappear.
- Lymphoiditis or inflammation of the lymph nodes . In this case, dense, painfulA ball under the skin forms on the neck, under the armpits, in the groin - where these organs are located. The most common cause is a bacterial infection.
- Folliculitis . These are small white balls with pus inside, they are on the face, chest, back, in the scalp on the penis and female genitals. If the pustules become inflamed, a red rim appears around them. The reasons are poor hygiene and infectious diseases.
Often, a dense, painless ball under the skin remains after wound healing, surgery (puncture, incision, injection), cosmetic procedures (piercing, acne removal, etc.). Such formations are not at all dangerous, they do not increase in size, do not become inflamed and eventually dissolve by themselves.
Blue balls on the legs and hips can be a manifestation of varicose veins - women who are addicted to tight high-heeled shoes are more likely to suffer from this symptom.
An enlarging subcutaneous lump on the elbow or palm may turn out to be a hygroma - a benign cyst. But neurofibroma - a fleshy, immobile lump in the deep layers of the dermis - can turn into cancer.
Only a doctor can accurately classify a subcutaneous lump and establish the cause of its occurrence. In no case should you independently squeeze, burn the ball or try to get rid of it by other methods and means heard from friends or read on the Internet. First, you should definitely consult with a dermatologist - consulting a cosmetologist in this case is also not enough.
If the ball under the skin is not inflamed, enlarged or sore, doctors advise not to touch it.
The exceptions are:
- purulent cysts;
- inflamed lymph nodes;
- folliculitis and some other types of growths that can degenerate into cancer or cause the spread of infection throughout the body;
- seals that spoil the patient's appearance and cause him moral discomfort.
In this case, they will need to be treated, and if conservative methods are ineffective - removed.
The classical surgical removal with a scalpel is hardly practiced today. An ultrasonic or laser scalpel is predominantly used, especially if women come to remove subcutaneous lumps on the face or open areas of the body.
There are also absorbable injections. As a rule, these are hormonal drugs, they are injected directly into the seal. Small balls are not always removed, sometimes it is enough just to pump out their contents and undergo a course of treatment with absorbable and tissue regeneration drugs.
Lymphoiditis usually occurs in severe infectious diseases, inflammation has to be treated with antibacterial drugs, they help welllotions with Dimexidum. For the treatment of folliculitis, in most cases, it is enough to follow the rules of hygiene, adhere to a sparing diet, in case of a severe form of the disease, external antibacterial, anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed.
Folk remedies can also help cope with the problem. But it should be understood that a variety of lotions, compresses, rubbing based on medicines and other natural products can eliminate only the external manifestations of the disease, but not its cause.
If a seal appears with a severe infection, hormonal imbalance, varicose veins and other serious pathologies, only traditional medicine will not solve the problem.
Prevention measures, like treatment, are determined by the cause and type of education:
- In case of infectious diseases of any organ, you should consult a doctor and undergo a full course of adequate therapy, and not treat yourself with improvised means.
- Piercing, tattooing and other procedures should be performed only in trusted, reliable salons with a professional master and adhere to all his recommendations for skin care after the procedure.
- Don't forget about personal hygiene. Men should regularly shave and use sanitizing skin lotions, change and clean the razor in a timely manner. Women should avoid overusing cosmetics to avoid clogged pores and skin irritation.
- Monitor nutrition - you need to minimize confectionery, sweets, smoked meats, canned food, marinades, ready-made sauces and sausages, alcohol in the diet. Don't overeat either.
- If there is a hereditary predisposition to oncology or other serious skin diseases, be examined by a specialist every six months.
Any formation on human skin that persists for more than seven days requires close attention and consultation with a doctor. There is no need to wait until it starts to hurt and grow, it is safer and safer to get checked in the hospital as early as possible.