How to tell if a rash needs medical attention
What does a rash on the chin show and how is it treated?
There are many reasons for the appearance of a rash on the chin in people who have already passed puberty, that is, adults. These include vitamin deficiency and hypervitaminosis, non-compliance with personal hygiene rules, the use of low-quality cosmetics, chronic diseases and allergic reactions.
Causes of acne on the chin
There was a theory that a small rash in women on the chin occurs with certain gynecological diseases - but scientists
Canada has refuted this fact using scientific research and statistics.
If the rash on the lower part of the face does not go away for a long time, then it is necessary to visit a dermatologist to find out the reasons for this trouble. This symptom may be the first sign of endocrine or hormonal problems in the body, indicating the development of serious diseases.
Therefore, when acne appears on the face, which cannot be removed with the usual means, you need to stop masking it and seek the help of official medicine.
Small papules near the lips and chin may indicate the onset of oral dermatitis.
It has the following symptoms:
- in the chin area and around the lips, the skin becomes covered with small red pimples, it becomes dry;
- there is a feeling of tightness in the skin;
- some papules are serous;
- the skin becomes covered with small scales that flake off when rubbed.
Considered as causes of dermatitis:
- an infection that has entered the body by mouth and has spread to the skin of the face;
- decreased immune status;
- susceptibility to allergic reactions;
- chronic diseases that are activated under favorable conditions for the resumption of the vital activity of the pathogenic microorganisms that cause them;
- the use of certain medications that have caused prolonged side effects;
- hormonal disruptions;
- low-quality lipstick for women and non-compliance with shaving technology for men;
- disruption of the endocrine and hormonal systems;
Sometimes a rash under the chin appears after dental prosthetics. Denture materials react with saliva, which - even if you are very careful, occasionally falls on the edgeslips and chin, causing irritation.
Sometimes adults experience the appearance of large acne under the skin of the face - getting rid of such a cosmetic defect is quite difficult. The rashes are most often red, the skin is thickened to the touch - this indicates the underlying infiltrates.
Their appearance is accompanied by pain and itching. The formation of such rashes is explained by the penetration of infection through the pores of the skin.
Subcutaneous acne more often occurs in men - the disease is called folliculitis. These acne-like formations are caused by an infection that penetrates through micro-wounds on the skin. Folliculitis is diagnosed from other types of acne by a characteristic feature - a small hair or its root is visible in the center of the pimple. More often folliculitis is painless and there are no traces after it, but with a strong inflammatory process, scars can form.
Rash can also be localized on the chin with seborrheic and steroid dermatitis, diffuse neurodermatitis, rosacea acne and mildews appear.
Chin rash treatment
When any rashes appear, first of all contact a dermatologist. After the analysis-scraping - tissue particles are applied from the affected skin surface with a scalpel to a glass slide - laboratory diagnostics are performed. Does such an analysis help to differentiate the types of dermatitis, to pinpoint the type of infection or to find out where the patient will have to be treated? At a dermatologist, gastroenterologist or endocrinologist.
Treatment of dermatitis of any kind begins from the zero cycle - the doctor cancels all the remedies that the patient used when trying to get rid of the rashes on their own, and gives the skin a rest for 2-3 days. Women at this time will have to give up cosmetics, men stop shaving.
All this time, you can not use hygiene products for face care. It is required to change the toothpaste to the simplest one - without additives freshness and sweeteners, use only water for washing or wipe the skin with hypoallergenic napkins.
Antihistamines are used at the same time - they help reduce inflammation and relieve swelling.
It is advisable that the patient adheres to a gentle diet during treatment:
- refused rich and fatty foods, grapes, bananas;
- limited sweets in the diet;
- reduced the amount of salt - it retains water, and with it, toxins remain in the body, which degrade the quality of the skin.
In many cases, such therapeutic measures are enough for the skin on the chin to begin to clear of rashes and restore its quality. If you notice a clear improvement and spontaneous healing, you need to find out which product or cosmetic product the body gave a negative reaction to.
In the case when the rash is caused by oral dermatitis,use antibiotics.
Usually they try to prescribe topical medications - in ointments or gels. Sometimes antibacterial drugs have to be taken orally.
Similarly, dermatitis and other types are treated, supplementing therapeutic measures with the necessary medications. For dermatitis of various types, sulfuric, zinc and salicylic ointments are used, Metrogyl-gel and others.
When treating adults, they try not to use drugs with corticosteroids - they provoke the formation of rosacea, which is then quite difficult to get rid of. In turn, they are treated with various types of antiseptics.
Folliculitis in men also requires the prescription of antibiotic ointments - otherwise, ulcers on the skin will spread from the chin to other parts of the face.
If you cannot get rid of oral dermatitis using the above methods, use the creams Pimecrolimus and Elidel . These remedies are used as a last resort, the side effects of their use are still not well understood.
Acne in the deep layers of the skin on the chin can be caused by the penetration of an infection or the activation of demodex, a skin mite, which is a conditionally pathogenic microorganism for human skin. It feeds on the secretion of the sebaceous glands, there are enough of them on the chin. Means with metrogil help to limit the activity of demodex and cure demodicosis.
Since the activity of the tick increases with a decrease in immunity or with increased production of sebum - in adults this symptom appears with hormonal or endocrine imbalance - it is advisable to visit an infectious disease specialist, therapist, endocrinologist or gynecologist - the last recommendation for women.
You need to visit the above doctors - and also a gastroenterologist - when, after a laboratory smear test, it turns out that the cause of the rash is pathological processes in the body.
Traditional medicine for chin acne
Traditional medicine prescriptions can help treat chin rashes.
Alcoholic tinctures with calendula, propolis, Kalanchoe can be purchased at the pharmacy, you can prepare water for washing or lotion at home.
A weak infusion of calendula, chamomile, oak bark and sage can help out during the zero cycle of treatment - the rashes are dried thanks to this care. If you have already tried to be treated with these means and have not achieved a positive result, they are not used in the zero cycle.
Helps to cure oral dermatitis mint lotion. To prepare it, boil 2 tablespoons of mint leaves with half glasses of water, leave for about half an hour, filter, squeeze, add 2 tablespoons of boric alcohol and the same amount of calendula alcohol tincture.
Effectively restores leather qualityand aloe juice - a fresh leaf is cut, and the pulp is rubbed on the affected area of the skin. You need to try to prevent the juice from getting on the mucous membrane of the lips, so as not to damage it.
Connection to therapeutic activities of folk remedies must be coordinated with the attending physician. For some types of chin rash infections, home medicine can be harmful.
If the appearance of acne is caused by metabolic disorders or hormonal imbalances in the body, then folk remedies are the best way to remove a cosmetic defect. When treating the underlying disease, new rashes will not appear.