Splenomegaly: Remember the 3 primary causes with CIP
What are the causes of spleen inflammation?
The spleen is a multifunctional human organ, but little studied. We can say that very little is known about it, while there are a number of pathologies that lead to its removal. But the person continues to live normally after that, practically without changing habits. That is, the spleen is not so important for human life.
It has been scientifically confirmed that after the removal of this organ, the processes occurring in it continue to proceed in the body. It turns out that some of the functions of this body are assumed by others.
The structure of the spleen
This body is unpaired. It looks like a bean-like formation. It is localized on the left side of the abdominal cavity, behind the stomach. The spleen is relatively small, its weight ranges from 200-250 grams. It is noted that the older a person is, the less he has it. A healthy organ is not palpable, that is, it is impossible to feel it.
For the health of the spleen, its outer layer is responsible, which performs a protective function and protects it from negative influences. It consists of connective tissue that is rough and dense. Inside, it consists of glandular tissues, much thinner and more delicate than the outer layer.
The main task of the spleen is blood formation. We can say that it belongs to the hematopoietic system. Moreover, increased blood formation by the spleen occurs only with significant and sharp blood loss. This process is due to the presence of a large supply of red blood cells (red blood cells) in the organ itself.
It also acts as a filter, cleansing the blood from toxins and foreign bodies. The spleen produces cells that prevent the penetration of various bacteria and viruses into the body, that is, it takes part in the fight against the latter. Therefore, inflammation of the spleen adversely affects the body, although the latter can work in a compensatory mode, distributing its responsibilities to other systems.
In a way, it controls the circulation of blood in the vessels.
When this function is impaired, rather unpleasant symptoms occur, such as bad breath, bleeding gums, and internal bleeding.
Symptoms, causes and treatment of spleen inflammation
Diseases associated with the inflammatory process in the spleen are called splenitis and lienitis. It should be noted that pathologies of this kind in the overwhelming majority of cases proceed simultaneously with inflammation of its membrane and abdominal organs.
Inflammation of the spleen, as an independent disease, has not been registered in medicine. Usually this condition is a kind of complication of inflammatory processes in the intestine or liver, and also occurs in severe pathologies such as brucellosis, tuberculosis, etc.
If the inflammation is local, then, as a rule, there are no symptoms, unpleasant phenomena and discomfort, that is, the pathology is asymptomatic.
That is, a person feels almost as usual. Moreover, such a pathology can only be detected after laboratory tests.
Signs of inflammation of the abdominal cavity and spleen are more pronounced and include the following conditions:
- Acute abdominal pain;
- Nausea to vomiting;
- Body temperature rises, but ranges from 37.3 to 37.8 ° C;
- The spleen increases in size, so it can be easily felt on palpation.
The clinical picture in this case is quite similar to the disease of appendicitis. If the reasons are hidden in liver pathologies, then simultaneously with the symptoms listed above, there is pain in the right hypochondrium, as well as heaviness in the right side. The pain syndrome often affects the entire abdominal cavity.
In the latter case, the discomfort is quite strong, it is difficult to endure, the following signs of pathology appear: vomiting practically does not stop, body temperature rises significantly, appetite decreases or is completely absent.
When conducting a blood test, it is found that its chemical composition significantly deviates from the established norm. Often, such inflammatory processes are accompanied by yellowness of the skin, itching and scabies.
The results of an ultrasound examination are used to diagnose the inflammatory process and make an accurate diagnosis.
The causes of sudden inflammation of the spleen can be hidden in an abscess - a collection of pus that occurs in the following situations:
- Complications of the course of various infectious pathologies, for example, typhoid, malaria, etc.;
- Inflammation of the internal mucous membrane of the organ;
- Injuries. Blood clots as a result of mechanical damage can subsequently fester.
An abscess is single, that is, point, and multiple, when there are quite a few foci of suppuration. The latter can vary significantly in size, ranging from the head of a pin to much larger.
It is simply necessary to treat such diseases, despite the fact that the spleen is not a vital organ.
The symptoms of a purulent abscess include the following conditions:
- severe, acute pain localized in the left hypochondrium;
- raising the temperature to 40 ° C;
- faster heart rate.
When multiplyinglarge and large foci, the organ increases significantly, so that pain can be observed in the left side of the chest. In addition, symptoms such as shortness of breath and cough are often present, and the abdominal muscles are very tense.
How should spleen inflammation be treated?
Any inflammatory processes in the body require the use of antibiotics, and the pathology of this organ is no exception.
Even if the foci of inflammation are quite small or only isolated, treatment is carried out together with antibacterial and antiviral drugs to prevent the spread of infection. In addition, the patient needs to comply with bed rest, and also provide him with peace. If the lesions are too large, then you have to resort to surgical intervention and remove the organ completely.
I wish you health and wellness!