Natural Remedies for Acidity, Gastritis and GERD
Treatment methods for catarrhal esophagitis
The mucous membrane of the human esophagus tends to become inflamed after prolonged physical or chemical irritation. This is how a disease develops, called catarrhal esophagitis. The disease often occurs in a chronic form, however, with a sharp impact of an aggressive factor, an acute form of the disease may occur.
Often, an ailment is accompanied by a whole bunch of other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. The risk group, as a rule, includes people of different ages and sex, prone to frequent consumption of alcoholic beverages and to improper diet.
Causes of esophagitis
The disease appears against the background of the influence of many factors associated with the effect on the mucous membrane of the esophagus. Anatomically, the esophagus is located in such a way that the number of its irritants is very high, and negative effects can come from both the inside and outside.
Among exogenous, that is, external factors, chemical and thermal irritants are distinguished. The consumption of alcoholic beverages, spicy foods, as well as exposure to acids and alkalis are classified as chemical factors. Thermal factors mean systematic burns as a result of regular consumption of hot food or drink. It happens that inflammation of the esophagus is caused by certain conditions, accompanied by an increase in intra-abdominal pressure.
This could be a tumor, lung disease, or pregnancy.
Endogenous (or internal) factors are much more common. For example, distal catarrhal esophagitis occurs against the background of insufficiency of the cardia - the lower sphincter, which acts as a barrier between the stomach and the esophagus. The weakness of this sphincter provokes the injection of acidic stomach contents into the esophagus. This phenomenon is called reflux. Acid and enzymes that have entered the esophagus as a result of cardiac insufficiency inflame and corrode the mucous membrane.
Distal Catal Esophagitis - What Is It?
A pathological condition known as distal or terminal esophagitis is caused by the ingress of gastric juice and bile into the esophagus due to infectious diseases or other factors. The disease is also called reflux esophagitis or reflux disease.
In medical practiceIt is not known that such a pathology as catarrhal reflux esophagitis is provoked by the following factors:
- hernial protrusions in the diaphragm;
- postoperative damage to the cardia;
- ulcerative diseases;
- gallstone disease;
- neoplasms in the abdominal cavity;
- chronic infectious diseases.
Symptoms of catarrhal terminal esophagitis and reflux disease
Catarrhal form of the disease has the following clinical manifestations:
- difficulty swallowing;
- dull pain in the esophagus;
- heavy drooling.
Reflux esophagitis manifests itself as follows:
- burning pain in the stomach and esophagus;
- pain radiates to the interscapular zone and the left half of the chest;
- possible cough and shortness of breath.
Any form of esophagitis is characterized by burning sensations in the epigastric and retrosternal zones, as well as belching with air or stomach contents. In addition, nausea and increased salivation are common symptoms.
When the characteristic symptoms of esophagitis have been identified, a number of tests are required for a definitive diagnosis, in particular:
- laboratory analyzes of urine and blood;
- X-ray of the stomach;
- daily monitoring of the level of acidity of the esophagus.
Esophagoscopy involves endoscopic examination of the mucous membranes of the esophagus. Before carrying out the procedure, it is important to consider all contraindications.
Treatment of catarrhal and distal esophagitis
As a rule, therapeutic measures to get rid of mild catarrhal esophagitis are conservative treatment. Catalysis esophagitis requires surgery only if its complications have led to dangerous forms of the disease.
Medicines prescribed for treatment are antacids that decrease gastric secretion.
With severe painful sensations, doctors prescribe non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that do not cause irritation of the mucous membrane. The course of treatment usually also includes physical therapy.
One of the main conditions for recovery is diet. A disease such as esophagitis requires a special diet aimed at normalizing bile secretion and restoring the functions of damaged organs.
Strong tea and coffee, spicy and fatty foods, chocolate, soda, citrus fruits and rough foods that can damage mucous membranes are excluded from the diet.