Acid Reflux - Ayurvedic causes, home remedies and more
Symptoms and causes of narrowing of the esophagus, treatment with traditional and folk remedies
The main function of the esophagus is to transport food to the stomach. Diseases of this organ are no less dangerous than the ailments of the stomach and intestines itself. This includes narrowing or stenosis of the esophagus.
Depending on the severity of the disease, stenosis can be so severe that food cannot enter the stomach at all.
The disease can be caused by various reasons, on which the course of the disease and its resolution often depend.
Methods for the treatment of narrowing of the esophagus are offered by both official and traditional medicine. Before you start dealing with it, you need to find out what are the causes of its occurrence.
The organ is shaped like a tube 25-30 cm long that connects the pharynx and stomach.
It runs from the neck to the abdomen and consists of three parts:
- Cervical, which is located between the 6th cervical and 2nd thoracic vertebra;
- Thoracic, located between the diaphragm and the 2nd thoracic vertebra;
- Abdominal, located in adjacent to the fornix of the stomach and liver.
There are two types of narrowing, which are the norm and are due to the structure of the organ.
The first group includes narrowing of the esophagus, called anatomical:
- Where the pharynx meets the esophagus. This part of the tube falls on the 6-7 vertebra of the neck;
- In the region of the trachea bifurcation. Located within 4-5 thoracic vertebrae;
- In the area of transition of the organ to the diaphragm.
The second group of natural narrowing of the esophagus includes physiological:
- Caudal, located at the entrance to the esophagus;
- Aortic, located where the tube intersects with the aorta.
Causes of the disease
There are other causes of stenosis that are not natural. In this case, the phenomenon needs treatment. They are of two types.
These include benign neoplasms, narrowing of the esophagus due to the presence of scars (cicatricial), mechanical damage. The disease can be caused by a chemical burn caused by the ingestion of substances such as alkalis, acids, etc.
Cicatricial stenosis can be caused by reflux esophagitis, which causes stomach contents to be ejected into the tube . This leads to tissue erosion, inflammation.
Often, narrowing of the esophagus is triggered by external pressure on the organ, for example, with heart disease, when the left atrium expands, or aortic aneurysms.
The disease can be caused by an enlargement of the thyroid gland, cardiospasm, but such cases are quite rare.
This category includes a cancerous tumor of the organ itself or nearby systems. This is a common reason.
Signs of ailment can be expressed with varying intensity, depending on its degree. In the early stages, symptoms may be mild and only with the progression of the disease do they become more pronounced. The disease can develop and acquire a severe degree in a few weeks or months.
Having noticed the first warning signs of an illness, you must immediately consult a doctor. This will allow you to identify it in the early stages, undergo timely treatment, avoid the development and consequences of the disease.
A narrowing of the esophagus may be accompanied by the following symptoms:
- Compressive pain when swallowing food. At the initial stages of the disease, they are not very bright, but over time they become more noticeable, and even liquid food can cause discomfort, which is not observed at the first stages of the development of the disease;
- Vomiting, which usually occurs immediately after eating. In some cases, it can take up to several hours between these processes, and a change in the patient's position provokes nausea. The masses do not have a sour taste, because they do not contain gastric juice;
- No matter what the cause of the disease, obstruction is accompanied by weight loss. A person does not receive nutrients from food in the required amount. In the presence of oncology, this process occurs much faster than in a benign disease;
- In some cases bleeding occurs;
- Heartburn, regurgitation.
Typically, the patient experiences pain when food in the stomach is digested.
Symptoms are not the only way to detect ailment. They are just a signal for further research. There are a number of diagnostic techniques available.
Under the supervision of a specialist, the patient consumes a contrasting liquid and its movement is monitored byunit of a special apparatus with a monitor (fluoroscope).
If esophageal stenosis is present, fluid will be trapped in the narrowed area. During the study, images are taken, thanks to which you can study the nature of the disease and establish the causes.
Usually, an uneven tissue contour is observed over the site of the obstacle, if the cause of the disease is a tumor. When the tubing is under external pressure, the contours remain even. Varicose veins usually occur in the lower part of the organ. Cicatricial narrowing can be localized in any part of it, and cardiospasm may not be detected at all during examination, because the patency of the esophagus is disturbed only periodically.
This is one of the most well-known diagnostic methods. The endoscope is immersed in a tube and the state of the organs is examined through it. If the constriction is strong, the device will not be able to penetrate it, this will end the examination. In this case, the doctor will see the location of the constriction, but not always be able to assess its size.
This equipment in most cases allows you to determine the cause of the disease. At the very least, it is possible to distinguish between cancer and inflammation. Moreover, the method allows you to take organ tissue for study, with the help of which you can more accurately establish the causes and degree of narrowing of the esophagus and associated diseases, if any.
This diagnostic method is most often used if the disease is caused by pathologies of nearby organs that put pressure on the tube.
Treatment and rehabilitation
The tactics of dealing with the disease is determined depending on the causes of its occurrence. For example, in cicatricial form, bougienage is used - the introduction of special tubes that stretch the tissue. This method of treating esophageal disease has a significant drawback - after some time the ailment will return and there will be a need to repeat the procedure.
In the presence of cancerous tumors, surgical intervention cannot be avoided, regardless of whether the tube itself or nearby systems are affected. The removed tissue is usually replaced by tissue from the colon. It is difficult for patients to undergo surgery, but if the disease is detected early, the prognosis can be very favorable.
Whatever the cause of the defeat, treatment always includes rehabilitation and proper patient care. The doctor prescribes a diet that promotes a speedy recovery. The patient needs to monitor his weight, strictly follow the diet, give up harmful products, the list of which will be indicated by the doctor.
Physical and anatomical constrictions do not need to be removed, being natural.
From generation to generation, people pass on to their descendants their knowledge in the treatment of certain diseases. Stenosis is no exception. Here are some recepts.
We squeeze out juice from finely chopped or grated potatoes, form small balls from the pulp (no larger than beans), send them to the refrigerator for 2 weeks. To carry out treatment with this folk remedy, which allows you to get rid of the narrowing of the esophagus, it is necessary three times a day at a dosage of 2 tbsp. l. in 20 minutes before eating, you do not need to chew it. Instead of potatoes, you can use rowan.
Add 1 glass of sugar to 3 liters of cabbage juice, let the drink ferment for 2-3 weeks. You need to take the medicine in 4 tbsp. l. in 10 minutes. after eating.
Treatment with folk remedies involves carrying out sweatshops. For them, you need to use a vinegar tincture. You can prepare it like this: pour 9% vinegar (1/2 l) into ½ cup elecampane or sage, let the mixture brew for 5-10 hours.
You can use a diaphoretic and inside - 1 tsp is added to tea with lime honey (1 tsp). vinegar.
Before starting treatment with folk remedies, be sure to consult your doctor. The disease can turn into the most unpleasant consequences if you misdiagnose yourself or underestimate its severity.