How To Give Prescribed Sub Q Injections to Your Pet
Subcutaneous mite in dogs
Subcutaneous tick in dogs is the popular name for a common disease, demodex. The disease is quite difficult to treat, since at the initial stage it has practically no pronounced symptoms.
Clinical presentation pathology
The disease is caused by infection with the microscopic parasite Demodex. The owner of the dog may not be afraid of infection, since the type of tick parasitizing on a pet is unable to exist in the human body.
It should be noted that about half of all representatives of the canine tribe, as well as a fourth of people, are carriers of subcutaneous parasites, whose activity is activated only when the natural protective barrier is weakened. Immunity can be weakened as a result of infectious diseases, prolonged or frequent stressful situations, the presence of worms.
Most often, Demodex is diagnosed in puppies that have not reached the age of 1 year. Sometimes, infection occurs from mother to puppy. Due to the underdevelopment of the baby's body, the disease can progress rapidly.
Infection with a subcutaneous mite is possible only through direct contact, when the parasite, having passed all stages of development, exits through the hair follicles or sebaceous glands. Favorite places where mites accumulate are skin folds.
Representatives of the following breeds are considered the most susceptible to demodex:
- French Bulldogs;
- German Shepherds;
- Cocker Spaniels.
The main symptom of a subcutaneous tick in dogs is severe itching. The pet itches violently, while its skin becomes bright red. The hair on the affected areas falls out, the bare skin becomes covered with abscesses, ulcerative formations, wounds. Usually affected areas are found in the forehead, nose, eyebrows, eyes, and paws.
Often, similar symptoms are observed as a result of diaper rash. With Demodex, hair loss occurs in clumps and a rather unpleasant odor emanates from the affected areas. The dog is cold, and chills are felt even with a feverwhatever the weather.
The manifestations of the disease begin with inflammation in small areas. After hair loss, the skin becomes covered with suppurations, in the place of which scales subsequently form. The dog may experience pain as well as itching.
The constant desire to scratch, painful sensations and the associated discomfort lead to increased irritability. The animal clearly avoids contact.
The disease can occur in one of three types:
- Scaly form, characterized by the presence of flaking on the surface of the skin. The disease can be complicated by bacterial infections leading to inflammatory processes;
- Pustular form, in which the skin is exposed to the appearance of purulent pustules up to 4 mm in size. The mixture of pus and bloody discharge coming out of the seals causes an unpleasant odor and also contributes to the formation of brown crusts. This form of pathology is considered more severe and requires serious long-term treatment with medications;
- Generalized form, which is a combination of scaly and pustular. Added to the above symptoms is a decrease in appetite, which inevitably leads to depletion of the dog's body.
In the absence of proper treatment, the following are affected: heart muscle, lymph node system, liver, spleen and stomach. The development of a fungal or bacterial infection against a background of complications can lead to exhaustion, blood poisoning and death.
Diagnosing the problem
In order to timely identify the pathology and begin treatment of a subcutaneous tick in dogs, the owner must carefully examine the animal. Examination includes the areas between the toes that are among the first to be affected by the parasite.
If you have baldness, redness of the skin, small wounds and scratches, you need to take the dog to a veterinary clinic for a professional examination.
The veterinarian will take scrapings to help confirm or deny the preliminary diagnosis. Do not self-medicate an animal, since the dosage of drugs should be prescribed in accordance with the individual anatomical characteristics of the dog's body. In addition, even drugs prescribed by a veterinarian do not always produce the desired effect.
Treatment of pathology
When demodex is detected, a subcutaneous mite in dogs is treated with pharmacologicaldrugs. The main agents are Amitrozin, Ivermectin, Ivomek, which are injected into the body by subcutaneous injections. Various ointments are widely used that can destroy colonies of parasites that have come out.
Also, ointments perfectly eliminate the main symptom of the disease - severe itching, which causes the animal special discomfort. To increase protection, immunomodulators are used, such as Cycloferon. If the disease is complicated by a bacterial infection, antibiotic treatment is recommended.
It is necessary to take care of the good nutrition of the dog. Fatty meat products are excluded from the diet, replacing them with chicken or turkey. If the animal consumes exclusively dry food, you should reduce the portions and stick to the diet for some time, reducing the load on the internal organs, in particular, on the liver.
It is easier to prevent a disease than to treat it. With proper care, the dog will not be afraid of the subcutaneous tick.
To save a pet from suffering, you should protect it from contact with stray dogs. It is necessary to regularly wash the animal and comb its hair. One of the reasons for the development of pathology is considered to be the incorrect use of drugs, which activates the vital activity of the parasite. Therefore, the treatment of a dog for any disease should be under the supervision of a qualified veterinarian.
Before mating, you need to examine the bitch for demodex, since it is from the mother that parasites are most often transmitted to puppies. Breeders should raise puppies from different bitches separately to avoid tick transmission.
Simple preventive measures taken in a timely manner will help to avoid the risk of contamination of your pet with Demodex.