Dr. Oz: How Can I Help My Rough and Bumpy Skin?
Rough skin in a child: symptoms and treatment
Often a child's skin becomes dry and rough. This phenomenon can affect both the whole body and individual places. In such a situation, you should definitely visit a doctor, as the reasons can be very serious.
Why Does your little child have rough skin?
What causes roughness?
- Red rashes and dryness can be manifestations of acne, which is caused by an excess of hormones in the body. Usually this phenomenon goes away on its own after reaching one and a half months;
- Dry indoor air;
- Lack of fluid;
- Vitamin deficiency;
- Poor bathing water, using drying herbs (oak bark, chamomile, string);
- Frost and wind. In this case, spots appear only on open areas of the body;
- Frequent use of shampoo provokes dry skin head;
- Excessive use of baby powder;
- Congenital diabetes mellitus. The disease is accompanied by increased appetite, thirst, increased blood glucose;
- Congenital hypothyroidism. The metabolism slows down, the surface layer of the skin does not have time to renew itself. The elbow and knee joints are particularly affected;
- Hereditary pathology. It often appears at the age of 2-3 years;
- Ichthyosis. Keratinization of skin cells is disturbed: it becomes dry, then becomes covered with gray and white scales, which subsequently flake off. The skin resembles fish scales. Metabolic processes and the work of internal organs are disrupted;
- Hyperkeratosis leads to thickening of the stratum corneum. Feet, elbows, hips and head are severely affected. The disease can be inherited or result from a deficiency of vitamins A, E, C. The provoking factor is the intake of hormonal drugs, stress, dry skin, excessive sun exposure, gastrointestinal diseases, exposure to household chemicals;
- Helminthic invasion;
- Atopic dermatitis is an allergic reaction of the body that manifests itself in the form of rough spots.
The risk of allergies in a child increases if the mother took hormonal and other medications during pregnancy, smoked, and used vitamin complexes uncontrollably.
Breastfeeding partially protects against allergies. A nursing mother should eat a balanced and healthy diet. Exclude fried, fatty, smoked and seasonings from the menu. An important role is played by a hereditary predisposition to allergies, the presence of urticaria, bronchial asthma in relatives, etc.
In atopic dermatitis, allergens can be:
- Food, mother's milk, adapted milk formulas. In older children, the rash often occurs after sweets;
- Synthetic clothing;
- Hygiene products and household chemicals;
- Animal fur;
- Tobacco smoke (secondhand smoke).
Dryness can be localized. If streptococcal infection occurs, weeping crusts and an unpleasant odor will form. However, such phenomena can be the result of poor hygiene, for example, when spitting up, parents do not wipe the baby well.
Spots, rough and dry, on the skin of a child with dermatitis
Symptoms of the atopic form of the disease depend on the age of the baby. In infants, this is mainly diaper rash, peeling on the face and head, itching, redness. The skin on the buttocks and cheeks is particularly affected.
With appropriate therapy, these phenomena are quickly stopped. If you do not consult a doctor in time, the deeper layers of the skin are affected, bubbles and sores appear. The inflammation spreads to the limbs and trunk. The child becomes moody due to itchy skin. Bacterial or fungal infections are common.
Atopic dermatitis in children over a year old is characterized by a protracted course and frequent exacerbations. A complication of eczema may occur. Without adequate therapy, allergic rhinitis and bronchial asthma develop.
Treatment of children with dry skin
If the roughness is caused by everyday reasons, it is easy to eliminate it with a baby cream. The lack of fluid in the body is also very easily replenished.
In the future, a child is better dressed if he reacts sharply to frost and wind.
But in the case of allergies, serious measures must be taken. The therapy involves both the doctor and the parents.
Dryness due to climatic conditions
Parents must minimize adverse environmental impacts. The apartment should be regularly ventilated. The air in the child's room should be fresh, cool and humid. If the crumbs dry skin is a feature of the body, the room is set to climaticnickname.
Toys should be washed with hot water. It is better to remove carpets, heavy curtains, soft toys from the room. Wet cleaning should be done daily.
Family members who smoke should do so outside the apartment. Contact with such people should be minimized. Why? The fact is that the smoker exhales air polluted with harmful substances from cigarettes.
Clothing and hygiene products
Underwear and bedding should be made entirely of natural materials, such as linen, cotton. It is better to wash baby's things with phosphate-free hypoallergenic powders, rinse three times. In severe cases of the disease, boiled water is used for rinsing. Baby dishes are washed without the use of household cleaning agents.
When going for a walk, the baby is dressed for the weather. Excessively warm clothing leads to sweating. You need to walk for at least 3 hours daily. In winter, before a walk, the face is treated with a greasy baby cream (one hour before going out) so that dry spots do not appear on it.
For bathing, it is best to use filtered or settled water. It is allowed to add decoctions of herbs such as yarrow, nettle, burdock. The use of drying plants is excluded. During water procedures, do not use a washcloth. Soap and shampoo are used only once a week. After bathing, the skin is treated with cream, milk or moisturizing lotion.
How is a child's rough skin treated with dermatitis
First of all, you need to establish nutrition for the baby and the nursing mother. She, together with the pediatrician, must analyze her diet to identify the product that causes a negative reaction. The regularity of the woman's stool is monitored, since with constipation, toxins are absorbed into the blood from the intestines, and then pass into breast milk.
When the baby is artificially fed, it is transferred to soy formula for. If there is no result, they are replaced with cow's milk protein hydrolysates.
If the child has dry, red and rough skin after the introduction of complementary foods, they return to their usual diet. Then complementary foods are introduced again, observing the reaction of the body. Start with minimal portions. This will identify the food irritant.
This also applies to older children. Parents should keep a diary where they will write down what the baby ate, what portion and what his reaction is. The most common allergens are citrus fruits, strawberries, chicken, fish, cheese, eggs.
Sweets are completely excluded from the menu. It enhances fermentation and increases the absorption of allergens. Do not use jelly, honey, sugary drinks, exotic fruits, foods containing preservatives, dyes, etc.
Adequate drinking and regular bowel movements should be provided. For constipation, use Lactulose, Normase, Duphalac. If the time has come for the introduction of the first complementary foods, start with vegetable puree. Best with zucchini and cabbage.
Sorbents are used to remove irritants. Rough spots are smeared with ointments like Festil. An allergist can prescribe in severe cases glucocorticosteroids (ointments, creams), calcium preparations, antihistamines (diazolin, suprastin, tavegil). To eliminate moodiness, Phenobarbital is prescribed at night.
Dear parents, do not self-medicate, and at the first manifestations of the disease, immediately contact your pediatrician.