All about the Pomeranian - Characteristics and care
Pomeranian Spitz: the origin and character of the animal
Do you want to see a cute little dog next to you, which will become your loyal friend and companion? Then you should take a closer look at such a breed of decorative dogs as the Pomeranian.
History of the breed
The Pomeranian, or dwarf spitz, is one of the most common decorative dogs. The breed dates back to the Middle Ages, when dogs similar to Pomeranians were actively bred in Germany. The breed received this name from the place of its breeding, namely - the region of Pomerania.
Spitz, who lived in the 18th century, were much larger than modern animals, their weight often reached 13 kg. All efforts of breeders at that time were aimed at miniaturizing dogs in order to create an ornamental breed.
Soon breed standards were defined, which divided it into two groups - weighing up to 3 kg and more. At one time, Queen Victoria was a great admirer of the representatives of the Pomeranian. She did not part with her favorite Marco until the end of her life.
The Pomeranian Pygmy Spitz is known as an intelligent and agile dog. Despite its cuteness, this representative of the canine family is endowed with an ardent temperament. For this reason, families with small children should not acquire an animal. A child's negligence with Pomeranian puppies can lead to the fact that over time the animal will become aggressive and irritable.
These amazing animals are not aware of their small size, it seems to them that they are much larger, so the Pomeranians fearlessly attack any enemy, regardless of its size. They are often unfriendly with guests who have come to their owner's home, but with their breeder they are always gentle and reserved.
Dwarf Spitz is a dog that is suitable only for active people, because representatives of this noble German breed like to walk on the street for a long time. The animal will be comfortable with lonely people who will treat him with love. You can give a Pomeranian mini-Spitz and a growing child who will independently raise his friend and be responsible for him.
Raspecies of breed
There are several varieties of oranges depending on the size of the dog.
Such a growth breed classification is known:
The largest representative of the breed is the Wolfspitz - wolf spitz, or keskhod. In height, the animals reach from 45 to 55 cm. Keskhods, unlike other species of pomeranians, have only one color - wolf. Initially, Wolfspitz and Keskhods were bred as two different breeds, over time they were combined, but, nevertheless, there are significant differences between them.
Wolfspitz performed a security function, while the Keskhod were intended to entertain their master. This explains the excessive activity, aggressiveness and courage of the Wolfspitz.
Grossspitz (Great Spitz) is a representative of this breed, whose height reaches from 42 to 50 cm. Animals can only have a monochromatic color - black, brown, white. The Great Orange can be used as a guard dog, because when it senses danger, it will immediately notify its owner with a loud bark.
Mittelspitz, or medium spitz - the height of the animal ranges from 30–38 cm. The most common color is one-color: white, brown, beige, black, orange. It is rare to find pomeranians of this species and with a two-colored color. The advantage of this popular breed is good health and longevity.
The Kleinspitz, the Lesser Spitz, are dogs whose height reaches from 23 to 29 cm. The colors in animals are the same as in medium-sized Pomeranians. These mini dogs are the most loyal and jealous animals that love to bark loudly.
Pomeranians are also divided into species by the type of muzzle, associating them with a bear cub, a fox and a toy.
Therefore, the following types of muzzles are distinguished:
The fox muzzle is slightly elongated, outwardly such animals really look like a fox. A popular variety of the breed is the Bear-type dwarf Pomeranian. His muzzle is less elongated and more round, it is as if slightly flattened and with a raised chin.
Dogs with a toy-type muzzle are not much different from the bear-type Spitz, the only difference is that the former have wider eyes and a flatter muzzle. This classification is arbitrary, sometimes it is quite difficult to determine the type of animal's face.
Caring for a Pomeranian is always time-consuming. First of all, such a need is due to the fact that pomeranians shed heavily, and their long, thick coat must be combed out daily. These animals also need to clean their ears and eyes every day, so how they are susceptible to infectious diseases. Orange skin is prone to dryness and dandruff, so it is recommended to wash them with dry shampoo.
If you've chosen a regular shampoo to wash your pet, use conditioner as well. Claws are cut as needed, teeth are brushed once every one to two weeks.
Owners of animals with a white color have to more closely monitor the condition of their pet's coat. It is known that the first orange was white in color, with light yellow spots behind the ears.
The main advantage of the white Pomeranian is his snow-white coat, which requires careful care. Bathing an orange is enough 4-6 times a year, however, if after a walk your pet is very dirty, of course, it will need to be tidied up.
You need to feed the orange with ready-made food or natural food prepared yourself.
The following foods should be included in the animal's diet:
- stewed vegetables.
Twice a week, oranges should be given a boiled egg and cottage cheese. If you don't have time to prepare food for your dog, buy only premium quality food. Pomeranian teeth are prone to tartar formation, so you should see your veterinarian every two to three months to fix this problem.
With proper care of these canines they have excellent health, but, nevertheless, this breed is susceptible to such diseases:
- collapse of the trachea;
- testicular tumor;
- retinal atrophy.
Veterinarians note that Pomeranian bitches tend to have a difficult birth.
The Pomeranian will be your reliable friend and interesting companion for many years if you provide him with proper care and surround your pet with affection and love.