Pancreatitis In Dogs - Symptoms, Treatment, Diet, And More | Vet Explains
Pancreatitis in dogs: causes, symptoms, treatment
A disease such as pancreatitis in dogs can become a nuisance not only for the animal itself, but also for its owners. Unfortunately, such cases are not uncommon, and therefore you need to know what provokes the onset of this ailment, its symptoms and how to cope with such a problem.
What is pancreatitis , its forms
Pancreatitis, regardless of whether it is diagnosed in an animal or a person, is a rather serious disease.
Its essence is the inflammation of the tissue of the pancreas. As a result, the secretion of enzymes necessary for complete digestion of food is disrupted. If the disease is not treated, in the future organ tissues begin to die off, the patency of the ducts is disrupted and pets simply die, since their body loses the ability to cope with the load imposed on it in the context of the digestive tract.
That is why it is so important to identify the symptoms in time and prescribe the correct treatment for pancreatitis in dogs.
There are 2 types of pathology: acute and chronic. Acute pancreatitis occurs spontaneously in dogs and is the result of negative external influences on the body. This may be due to nutrition, especially if a special diet is being followed, infection, etc. The chronic form develops due to the lack of immediate treatment.
In general, pancreatitis most often manifests itself chronically, even if initially there was no suspicion of it. Also, in rare cases, a reactive form occurs, which is the most dangerous, since it proceeds very quickly, unexpectedly and practically does not respond to treatment if detected late.
It is also worth mentioning the stages of this disease. Primary pathology occurs when poisoning or the use of inappropriate types of food for animal feeding. But the secondary is more likely a consequence and is most often associated with infectious diseases of the digestive tract. In any case, treatment should be carried out as quickly as possible and in accordance with the diagnosis established by the veterinarian.
Causes of Canine Pancreatitis
In order to prevent the development of complications or, in general, to prevent the appearance of inflammation of the pancreas, it is important to know what is the cause that provokes such processes in pets. This issue should be considered in the context of the forms of the disease.
So, the reasons for the primary type aretsya:
- food poisoning;
- excess dietary supplements;
- intoxication with poisonous substances;
- use of low-quality or spoiled feed;
- ingestion of harmful chemicals.
Secondary pancreatitis in dogs develops due to diseases of the following type:
- failure in the functioning of the body as a whole;
- postoperative complication;
- liver disease;
- pathologies of the pancreas itself, both congenital and acquired;
- diseases of the biliary tract;
- extensive helminthic invasions;
- parvovirus enteritis;
- plague, etc.
If an animal has similar diseases or suspicions of at least one of them, it should be borne in mind that it is at risk. It also includes dogs over 8 years old, since their body is gradually weakening and even small disturbances in nutrition can lead to bad consequences. In addition, in older individuals, treatment is difficult, which often leads to the development of a chronic form of the disease.
Symptoms of the disease
Pancreatitis in dogs manifests itself through certain symptoms. Some of them are similar to simple poisoning or digestive upset, so to clarify the situation, you need to contact the veterinarian for the appropriate tests.
Symptoms in pets:
- apathetic, lethargic behavior, anxiety;
- decreased appetite;
- severe diarrhea;
- compaction of stool or the acquisition of an oily consistency;
- painful sensations when feeling the navel area;
- increased body temperature;
- frequent urination;
- weight loss;
- dry mouth;
- high glucose in blood and urine tests.
If acute or chronic pancreatitis is confirmed. Appropriate treatment should be prescribed immediately.
If you notice acute symptoms, you may need to call your veterinarian at home. Further treatment of pancreatitis in dogs is carried out mainly at home. For an accurate diagnosis, in addition to examination, laboratory tests of urine, feces and blood will also be needed.
After confirming one form or another of pancreatitis, the first step is to start feeding your pet properly. For this, a special low-carb diet is prescribed.
Also pay attention to those diseases that provoked pancreatitis. Sometimes it is enough to concentrate actions on the root cause, and then the secondary disease will recede with it. To speed up recovery and increase the body's defenses, dogs are prescribed antibiotics todedicated to the fight against primary viruses, as well as vitamins. It is necessary to feed the animal with special medicinal mixtures and enrich the body with enzymes to facilitate digestion.
If the dog is tormented by bouts of pain, treatment involves the administration of antispasmodics and analgesics to relieve the pet's suffering. In some cases, more serious treatment associated with surgery may be needed. This is especially true when cancer becomes a provoking factor.
In this case, the affected part of the pancreas is cut off. If the course of the disease is severe, this measure will be only temporary, since it will be impossible to stop the processes of organ destruction, and without it the dog will not survive and will have to be put to sleep in order not to subject it to painful death.
Since diet is one of the key areas of the treatment process, it is important to know what you can feed your dog with pancreatitis, and what should be completely excluded from the diet. Since during the period of exacerbations, a colossal load is placed on the pancreas, for a certain period of time it is necessary to withstand a pause in nutrition. This is the so-called starvation diet. If you are dehydrated, be sure to drink enough.
Depending on what treatment the doctor prescribes, he will warn you when you can start introducing food. If the dog has previously eaten purchased ready-made food, it is necessary to find special medicinal mixtures with vitamin supplements for it. A strict diet is introduced for animals accustomed to regular food. So, with pancreatitis in dogs, it is forbidden to overload the gastrointestinal tract. During this period, it is worth giving up carbohydrate whole grain cereals, as well as corn-based feeds.
It is forbidden to give foods that cause fermentation, as well as any kind of smoked meats, salty delicacies and sweets. Flour products are limited, as are fatty dairy products, egg yolks, fresh vegetables and fruits, especially white cabbage.
It is recommended to feed the dog 4-6 times a day, while giving low-fat boiled foods: meat, fish, liquid ground cereals, boiled mashed cauliflower in small quantities and other boiled puréed vegetables, egg whites. After a strict diet, new foods are introduced gradually, once every 1-3 days, which does not stress the pancreas. Monitor your dog's reaction during this period and, at the slightest sign of deterioration, return to the previous diet.
If done correctly, even chronic pancreatitis will recede and will not cause pain or discomfort to your beloved pet.