7 Principles of Nutrition | What You SHOULDN’T Be Eating
Nutrition principles for nursing mothers
Pregnancy completely changes a woman's life. From that time on, she has to take care not only of herself, but also of the little man growing in her womb. After giving birth, mothers have even more responsibilities, because from now on it is necessary to provide the baby with everything necessary, and first of all, food.
It's so good that nature has taken care of the mother's ability to feed her baby with breast milk. Thanks to this, the woman can provide the child with food at any time.
True, there are also disadvantages to breastfeeding: a nursing mother needs to be very careful in choosing the foods she eats, since the baby also uses them. That is, a woman should follow a special diet for nursing mothers.
Diet of a nursing mother: basic principles
In this case, we are not talking about a strict restriction in the use of food, but rather about a reasonable approach to the choice of food. The mother needs to eat fully and balanced in order to provide both the child with useful substances and get them herself. To do this, you need to follow certain rules.
By and large, a young mother of a healthy child does not need a special diet. If the baby has atopic dermatitis or, more simply, diathesis, then certain restrictions should be introduced.
If the child feels fine, there are no rashes on the body, then the mother can eat almost everything, but within reasonable limits. Naturally, one should refrain from alcohol, many medicines and smoking. Otherwise, a nursing mother should adhere to the principles of a healthy diet. That is, it is necessary to give up fast food, carbonated drinks, limit the use of sweet, smoked, spicy and fried.
Also beware of chocolate and coffee. For some mums, this can be a serious problem, so you can eat some chocolate or have a few sips of coffee if you really feel like it. But you need to monitor the child's reaction. In the absence of rash, changes in behavior, these foods are considered acceptable for moms. However, you should still consume them as little as possible and in small quantities.
Traditionally breastfeeding women are also advised to give up onions and garlic, as they change the taste of milk, and the baby may stop using it. But this rule has exceptions, some children react quite normally to an unusual taste, although you shouldn't eat too much of these vegetables.
In addition to the restrictionconsumption of certain foods, the diet of a nursing mother implies compliance with several food intake rules:
- One product per day should be introduced into the diet, while starting with small doses. For example, in the morning you need to eat a teaspoon of a new product and monitor the reaction of the newborn, if everything is fine, the next day you can increase the portion;
- Even if the baby normally perceives food, he does not have rashes, pains, the mood is normal, you should not lean on the same type of food, since excessive consumption of the product can provoke an allergic reaction in a newborn. You should eat varied and full. Special care should be taken with the most common allergens: honey, fish, caviar, mushrooms, dried fruits, nuts, citrus fruits, tomatoes, seafood, carrots and red fruits;
- As for dairy products, it is recommended to consume them no more than half a liter per day. Milk is thought to stimulate lactation, but a newborn may be allergic to milk protein. Therefore, you should be careful with milk. It is best to use fermented milk products, they are less allergenic. And to stimulate lactation, the mother needs to put the baby to the breast more often;
- It is also necessary to get enough calories from food. For nursing mothers, it is recommended from 2500 to 3200 kcal per day. But do not exceed the measure, as this can negatively affect the figure;
- Every day a breastfeeding woman should eat 120-130 grams of protein, 60% of which should be of animal origin, 100 grams of fat, 20% of them vegetable, and 500 grams of carbohydrates;
- It is necessary to eat, if possible, fractionally, five times a day, so that milk is produced continuously and in sufficient quantity;
- In case of colic in a baby, you need to remove grapes, cabbage, radishes, peas, eggplants, cucumbers, zucchini, legumes from the diet.
There can be many reasons for colic, this is the formation of the gastrointestinal tract, and improper attachment of the newborn to the breast, which causes air to swallow, and even the mother's own illnesses, such as gastritis and dysbiosis. Therefore, nutrition is not always to blame for colic. To find out the reasons for increased gas production, you should consult a doctor, and not only a pediatrician, but also your therapist.
If it's all about nutrition, then with colic in a child, it is better for a woman to give up all dairy products for a week. When the baby's well-being improves, milk can be gradually reintroduced into food.
Compliance with the diet of a nursing mother of a newborn is not as difficult as it might seem at first glance. The most important thing is to monitor the baby's reaction to the introduced foods and exclude from the diet those to which the child does not react well.
Hypoallergenic diet for nursing mothers
If the baby is healthy, he does not have allergies, then a woman can afford to eat almost everything she wants. If the baby has diathesis, then mAma, as with colic in a child, will have to give up many foods.
Allergies in a baby can be for anything, therefore, in order to identify an unsuitable product, it is recommended for a nursing mother to keep a food diary. It should record everything eaten during the day, the amount of food and how the baby reacted to the feeding. Thus, it will be possible to identify allergens and completely eliminate them from the diet of nursing mothers.
Until allergens are found, it is better to give preference to the following products: rice, oatmeal, buckwheat porridge, potatoes, pasta, boiled meat, vegetable soups and fermented milk products. It will also be helpful to remember what the mother, father and other family members are allergic to, and also eliminate this from the diet.
Next, you need to try to cope with the diathesis with the help of ointments and drugs that the doctor prescribes, and then keep a food diary. A nursing mother first needs to go on a strict diet, then add one product to the diet every day and monitor the baby's body reaction.
Such a strict diet for a nursing mother will help to find two or three allergenic foods that need to be completely stopped while the baby is breastfeeding.
If you do not isolate allergens, they will accumulate in the child's body, and the diathesis will manifest itself more and more. In this case, the doctor may advise the mother to transfer the baby to artificial feeding, which is much worse than breastfeeding.
For women, this may seem like a great way out: no more restrictions, diets of nursing mothers with colic, allergies, etc. However, it is much more beneficial for a child to eat breast milk, since it contains all the necessary substances for its normal growth and development. In addition, immunity is transmitted from mothers to children with milk, which helps to cope with diathesis faster and more efficiently.
As noted by many women, a hypoallergenic diet for nursing mothers looks scary only from the outside. In fact, it is transferred quite simply, especially when you understand that all this is for the sake of the baby and his health. In addition, such a diet is well disciplined and helps to adhere to the rules of a healthy diet in the future.
Eat right and then both your body and your child's body will work harmoniously and fully! Health to you and your baby!