Lip stomatitis: causes and treatment
Stomatitis is an inflammatory process of the oral mucosa caused by infection. Outwardly, this disease is accompanied by the appearance of aphthae and ulcers. Most often, the infection affects the tongue, palate, oral mucous membranes, less often the lips.
Causes of an infection on the lip
The causes of stomatitis are, as a rule, any trauma to the delicate and thin skin of the lip area, chapping, chemical or thermal burns, etc.
Thus, some kind of infection enters the human body through microtrauma, provoking the appearance of this ailment.
Another infection in the oral cavity may appear due to other diseases - disorders of the endocrine system, gastrointestinal diseases, allergic reactions, disorders of the hematopoietic system, diseases of the cardiovascular system, general intoxication of the human body or other infections
. Also, the disease manifests itself when the oral hygiene is not observed enough.
Types of stomatitis
In this case, it all depends on the type of infection that caused this ailment or on the reasons for its occurrence. Thus, there is more than one type of stomatitis.
But, despite this, the treatment has several principles, which, depending on the type of disease, remain unchanged. But there are still some nuances in treatment. They depend on the type of ailment and affect the success of therapy.
Many people in the street do not even need to ask the question: is there stomatitis on human lips? The answer is known, because this phenomenon is not uncommon, especially herpes infection. This disease is a blister that appears on the lips and is filled with a clear liquid. From the timem, these bubbles burst, and a sore or crust forms in their place.
If the rashes are of a group nature, then later their rupture will remain very extensive and painful erosion.
The harbinger of herpetic manifestations is a burning sensation, itching or tingling sensation in this area.
This disease is caused by the Candida fungus, which by its nature is part of the normal human microflora, but when unfavorable factors appear, it can become pathogenic. Fungal or candidal stomatitis on the lip externally, as a rule, is manifested by a white bloom observed on the oral mucosa. It grows in size over time, but comes off quite easily.
An inflamed bright pink or even red surface can be found directly under the white bloom.
Small ulcerations or aphthae that appear on the inside of the mouth are quite common. This type of sore initially looks like bubbles, which burst rather quickly, forming painful round sores with a white center and red edges.
In addition to these symptoms, aphthous infection has other manifestations - swelling and bleeding of the gums, an increase in sensitivity in the oral cavity, an increase in body temperature to very high rates.
Most often, a person has a contact allergic pathology, which is formed as a result of constant contact of allergenic drugs and objects with the tissues of the mouth (for example, dentures).
In allergy sufferers, the appearance of rashes on the mucous membrane of the lips can be provoked by any substance that has at least once been in contact with it. The cause of the appearance of pathology can also be drugs (absorbable or used in the process of dental treatment).
The disease is externally manifested by tissue edema and redness, the oral mucosa acquires shine and smoothness. Many vesicles appear, which combine into large inflammatory foci, and after bursting, erosion or ulcers form.
One of the main reasons for the appearance of this ailment is bacterial infection.
When there are injuries or wounds on the skin or mucous membrane of the oral cavity, it is not difficult for infections to enter the body.
Here are just a few of the existing bacteria, only a few cause an illness - as a rule, these are streptococci and staphylococci. In some cases, streptococci are first infected, and then staphylococci. Another infection that appears on the lip can be provoked by diplococci, spirochetes, clostridia, spindle-shaped bacteria, gonococci and many other types of bacteria. Bacterial pathology manifests itself in the form of redness and swelling of the oral mucosa, ulcers and cracks appear,itching and burning are felt, the patient has a rather unpleasant odor in the mouth, the body temperature may rise and weakness may appear.
In the area of the mouth, traumatic stomatitis occurs as a result of chemical, mechanical or thermal damage to its mucous membrane. Damage from a sharp object, poorly fitted or low-quality dentures, damage to the edges of the teeth from a sharp side can lead to traumatic chronic disease.
Frostbite, burns, contact with alkali or acid provoke acute traumatic illness. This form of pathology from the outside is no different from the others, therefore the diagnosis is made, focusing on the prehistory of the appearance of the rash.
Treatment of any stomatitis on the lip
The process of treating an infection consists of a local effect on the mucous membrane of the lips and inflamed skin areas with anti-inflammatory, anesthetic and analgesic drugs, and, if necessary, special general medical treatment.
Traditional medicine recipes can be used along with ready-made drugs sold in pharmacies. The process of treatment should begin with the first manifestations of the disease in order to avoid complications and for more effective therapy.
When should I see a doctor?
What method to treat and what drugs to use should be decided by the dentist, focusing on the form of the disease. The doctor should be consulted at the first suspicion or symptoms of stomatitis (redness and swelling of the mucous membrane).
To disinfect the affected areas of the mouth, hydrogen peroxide is actively used, which is diluted with water (1 to 5). Rinse your mouth with this mixture several times a day. It also disinfects the furacilin solution well.
In cases where the rash has spread to the outer part of the lips, you can apply special medicated ointments:
- Retinol ointment;
- Oxolinic ointment;
- Antifungal ointment (in case of candidal stomatitis);
- Interferon ointment (in case of viral stomatitis).
General therapy may include antibiotics, multivitamin complexes or immunomodulators for general body resistance and increase immunity, antiviral drugs. It is an integrated approach that is most effective in combating this ailment.
To avoid stomatitis, you should avoid hypothermia, unlearn to lick your lips in the wind. Chewing, biting the lips and trauma by foreign objects to the mucous membrane are also undesirable.
It works well as a prophylaxis, course reception of multivitamins.
Timely visits to the dentist and treatment of carious areas andIt will also help avoid an increase in the bacterial background in the oral cavity. After all, regular infections contribute to the appearance of an inflammatory process in the mouth.
Treatment of stomatitis in children
As a rule, stomatitis is accompanied by painful sensations, which is why the child may refuse to eat. For this reason, treatment in children begins with nutritional correction.
It is desirable that the food is soft, pureed, warm temperature and neutral taste. The best option is liquid purees, which the baby can eat through a straw.
Regarding the treatment itself, it is almost no different from therapy for adults.
First of all, doctors try to anesthetize the inflammatory process, then prescribe a specific treatment (antifungal, antiseptic, antibacterial or antiviral action) and, if necessary, attribute symptomatic treatment, for example, drugs that help reduce high fever.
Children's stomatitis must be treated under the supervision of a dentist and only with those drugs prescribed by the doctor.