Top 7 Knee Pain Relief Treatments - Ask Doctor Jo
What is knee pain, perhaps, each of us knows. This pain can be caused by external factors such as sprains, bruises, fractures or bumps. Also, the reasons can be internal infections, autoimmune reactions, vascular disorders, etc.
In addition, symptoms of knee problems can include swelling, redness and warming of these joints.
Types of pain on the knees
Often we feel pain or discomfort in the knee or in both knees at once when walking. Much less often at rest. Our skeleton is designed in such a way that when we walk, we should not feel the knee joints or discomfort in them.
But factors such as excess weight and problems inside the body make their own adjustments. Listen to your body. Do your knees cause discomfort or pain when walking, bending, or at rest?
Do they feel hot or swollen?
Let's take a closer look at what types of knee pain can be and what causes them.
Arthritis is one of the most common causes of pain in one or both knees. With this disease, various parts of the joint become inflamed, its mobility is significantly limited, a person is constrained in movement and it is difficult for him to bend and straighten his leg. Around the knee, the skin turns red and their temperature increases.
Acute pain in traumatic joint injury can last from several minutes to several days. If at the same time the great vessels are pinched, then the person feels numbness at the site of the injury and below it, and blue discoloration is observed in the damaged area.
In case of injury, damage to various parts of the joint may occur:
- Injuries to the tendons and ligaments that support the patella (sprains, dislocations, tears and tears);
- Meniscus damage;
- Fractures or fissures of the upper leg bones;
- Dislocations of the knee joint.
Overweight is a separate factor of serious injury to the knee joint. This can be a load from a person's own weight, as well as sportsreloading when doing powerlifting or other sports involving lifting weights. In addition to sports, lifting weights at work can be injurious.
In fact, knee pain when squatting is not only a problem for athletes. Even in a person not associated with professional sports, inflammatory processes can cause changes in the cartilage of the joint, which, in turn, provoke discomfort.
So, for example, 30-40% of all knee pathologies are gonarthrosis - arthrosis of the knee joint. Mostly people over 40 suffer. It can engage one or both joints.
This pathology develops slowly (months, and sometimes years). At the beginning of the disease, the pain is weak, which is why they rarely pay attention to them, attributing to fatigue. With the progression of the disease, the pain sensations increase. Knee pain occurs mainly when walking and does not bother at rest. Getting up from a sitting or squatting position is especially difficult.
Most often, pain occurs in the knee during extension and flexion if the patient has Osgut-Schlatter disease. This disease often occurs as a result of trauma, although sometimes it develops for no apparent reason.
Discomfort manifests itself when walking on stairs, as well as bending and extending the legs at the knees. It can last for about three weeks, or it can become chronic.
Another pathology that initiates pain in this joint, or rather, under the knee, is bursitis - inflammation in small sacs of fluid that cushion the outer side of the knee joint so that the tendons and ligaments move gently along the joint.
Bursitis can initiate swelling, swelling, and flushing in the affected joint, resulting in intense pain when kneeling or squatting. Sometimes bursitis can become infected, leading to fever and severe swelling. For an infection in the back of the knee, pain is felt when going up or down stairs.
Arthritis is a pathology that explains the causes of knee pain in 5-10% of patients. People of all ages are ill, but more often young people. One or both knees can become inflamed.
In addition to arthrosis and meniscopathy, the causes of pain can be caused by such diseases as: reactive and rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, gout and its complications, ankylosing spondylitis, articular rheumatism.
A characteristic feature of inflammation in arthritis is a hurricane development (in 1-3 days), with swelling and swelling of the knee, as well as an increase in the intensity of pain at night. That is, in absolute rest, painful sensations are stronger than when walking.
Pain provoked by impaired blood circulation, as a rule, begins in puberty, when the development of blood vessels in rapidly growing adultstissue often lags behind accelerated bone growth.
Vascular knee pains can be lifelong, but their sensation after 18-20 years is significantly reduced. This pathology does not limit the mobility of the joints. The pain is usually symmetrical, that is, equally intense in the right and left knee. Painful sensations arise when the weather changes, from hypothermia, with colds and after physical exertion. Patients complain that their knees are twisting. Often, vascular pain is effectively eliminated by rubbing in warming ointments, massage and simply vigorous rubbing of the knees.
Inflammatory lesion of the tendons of the knee joints (periarthritis of the crow's feet) - the disease is mainly female, common in the age group over 40. Pain occurs when going down stairs or when carrying heavy loads. When walking on a flat surface, discomfort is extremely rare.
With periarthritis, the pain does not extend to the entire knee. It concentrates exclusively on the inner surface of the leg below the joint. This pathology does not cause limitation of the knee mobility, the leg is bent and unbent in full; the knee does not visually change its shape, there is no swelling and deformation.
As you can see, the causes of knee pain can be very different. The diseases that initiate it are very serious, as are their possible complications. Therefore, if you find any signs of pathology in your knees (discomfort, crunching, swelling, redness, etc.), do not look for a magic treatment. Each disease, as well as the symptoms provoked by it, can be stopped by different methods.
So, the treatment of inflammatory processes may entail antibiotic therapy or the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Treatment for pain under the knee, if triggered by bursitis, may include punctures at the back of the joint or injections into bags of joint fluid.
And not every type of pain can be eliminated with warming ointments or self-massage. Therefore, do not delay your visit to the doctor.