How To Cure A Hoarse Voice In an Hour (Is It Possible?)
How to recover from laryngitis?
Laryngitis is an inflammatory process of the laryngeal mucosa. It can be a manifestation of acute inflammatory viral diseases, chronic somatic pathologies (such as gout, blood diseases, rheumatism).
Under unfavorable conditions, pathogens are activated in the case of a chronic form of the disease and cause the onset of an exacerbation period.
causes of laryngitis
The causes of the disease can be overstrain of the vocal cords, hypothermia (mainly local), poor microclimate.
More often this is due to occupational hazards: suspended matter in the air, too high a temperature, and so on. Chronic laryngitis develops after injuries, chemical and thermal burns.
People with foci of chronic infection (chronic tonsillitis, sinusitis, especially purulent, chronic pharyngitis, hypertrophic rhinitis, chronic form), diseases accompanied by metabolic disorders, there is an increased predisposition to the development of laryngitis.
The acute form of the disease is accompanied by damage to the mucous membrane of the larynx, which is manifested by the loss of cilia by the ciliated epithelium or its complete rejection. The cells of the deeper layers serve as a matrix for the regeneration of normal epithelium.
If the degree of inflammation is high, then the ciliated epithelium can be replaced by a flat one (metaplasia). The vessels of the larynx are expressed, they are full-blooded, convoluted and dilated. Mucosal vessels near the vocal cords tend to rupture.
The microflora inhabiting the respiratory tract, including the larynx, is represented by conditionally pathogenic flora and saprophytes, which do not cause pathological changes under normal conditions. If the microorganism is in unfavorable conditions, this flora is activated and causes purulent inflammation of the larynx.
The main causative agents of acute laryngitis at present are H. Influenzae, S. pnevmoniae. Slightly less common are different forms of streptococci and staphylococci, moraxella catarrhalis.
The question of laryngitis caused by intracellular microorganisms that can change the course of the disease, provoke inflammation of body tissues atypical for laryngitis remains relevant. These are mycoplasmas and chlamydia.
Signs of Laryngitis
Acute laryngitis has the following symptoms:
The onset of the disease is acute, the general condition often remains satisfactory. Body temperature is normal or rises to subfebrile numbers. Patients in the initial period of the disease complainsore, dry and sore throat.
The voice changes: at the onset of the disease, it coarsens, then becomes hoarse, in rare cases it completely disappears (aphonia).
Such symptoms are caused by swelling of the mucous membranes of the larynx and vocal cords, the formation of sputum.
On the second or third day, the patient begins to be bothered by a cough, at first it is dry and painful, then it becomes wet, the sputum is at first scanty, then its department grows, it can take on a purulent character, especially if tracheitis has joined.
If the cause of the disease is an acute respiratory viral infection, then the temperature rises to febrile figures, the patient feels weak, the general condition worsens.
Severe forms of the disease (abscessed and infiltrative) are characterized by impaired swallowing, intense pain, symptoms of intoxication are strongly pronounced, signs of laryngeal stenosis are increasing.
Acute catarrhal laryngitis has an average duration of 5 to 10 days. The transition to more complex and long-term current forms of the disease, including chronic, is due to improper or incomplete treatment, a violation of the immune status, the presence of severe somatic pathologies.
Laryngitis symptoms and treatment
Treatment of laryngitis in adults and children begins with a strict protective regime. The patient's diet should be gentle, dishes should not be spicy, too hot or, conversely, cold, carbonated water and alcoholic beverages are excluded.
If the general condition is disturbed and the temperature rises, bed rest is recommended.
Treatment of all forms of laryngitis involves limiting the load on the vocal apparatus. Even at home, it is necessary to adhere to this rule, speak in a whisper (rarely, since a false-fold voice can form) and, if possible, rarely. Representatives of professions associated with oration or any use of the voice for a long time are exempted from labor until they recover.
In the room where the patient is being treated, certain microclimate parameters are observed: the air is humid, warm, well ventilated.
Treatment of laryngitis with topical antibiotics is recommended for uncomplicated forms of the disease, low activity of the inflammatory process. Combined preparations with an antibiotic and an anti-inflammatory agent are used locally.
They are available in the form of aerosols and tablets (lozenges, lozenges) for sucking. As an anti-inflammatory agent, drugs based on paracetamol or ibuprofen are used. If the pain syndrome is intense, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can be used.
The patient needs to consume a large amount of warm drink. It can be still water, compotes, warm tea. Dry heat can be applied to the larynx area.
Home treatmentcomplex forms of laryngitis is difficult, since with pronounced activity of local inflammation, it is recommended to use nebulizer therapy. For inhalation use antibacterial drugs (dioxin and miramistin), hormonal decongestants (corticosteroids Pulmicort and Flixotide).
Dilution of viscous sputum is achieved by alkaline inhalations using mineral waters (Smirnovskaya, Slavyanovskaya, Essentuki No. 7 and 17), mucolytic agents (acetylcysteine, chymotrypsin, lazolvan, mucolvan).
Physiotherapeutic procedures help to relieve inflammation and edema, if there is no indication for their implementation. This is laryngeal electrophonophoresis, DDT, UHF.
Care should be taken with steam inhalation and the use of heat compresses on the neck area, as they can increase tissue edema and contribute to the development of phlegmonous form and epiglottis abscess.
If local therapy is ineffective within 4-5 days, then systemic antibacterial agents are prescribed.
For laryngitis, drugs from the following groups are used:
- Fluoroquinolones (levofloxacin, moxifloxacin);
- Macrolides (sumamed, azithromycin, chemomycin and clarithromycin);
- Penicillin (Amoxicillin, Augmentin, Ampicillin, Amoxiclav);
- Cephalosporin series (zinacef, cefotaxime, axetin);
Treatment of laryngitis with folk remedies is allowed in the case of mild forms of the disease, not accompanied by a violation of the general well-being.
All funds are recommended to be taken after consultation with your doctor:
- Gargle with calamus infusion (take plant rhizomes). Crushed dry rhizomes are poured with boiling water (2 teaspoons per glass of boiling water), the remedy is infused for several hours, after which you can gargle it up to 6 times a day;
- A mixture of chopped herbs: chamomile flowers, cinquefoil and calamus root. The components are mixed in the same proportion and take one teaspoon of the mixture to prepare the infusion. Also pour boiling water, gargle 3 times a day;
- Medium-sized carrots are peeled and boiled in half a liter of milk, after which the latter is used to gargle the throat up to 5 times a day;
- Treatment with horseradish. Horseradish root the size of a nut is crushed and poured only with boiled water. Close with a lid and let stand for 20 minutes. Add sugar to the solution and drink a teaspoon every hour;
- With the help of black elderberry, dried leaves of coltsfoot and golden mustache, laryngitis is treated at home. The components are mixed and take a tablespoon per 200 ml of only boiled water. After 20 minutes, strain and drink 5 times a day, prepare a new infusion every day.
Take care of yourself, get treatment on time and do not start the disease!