REDUCE BELLY BLOATING: 8 tips to improve digestion + reduce bloating
How to eliminate bloating
Interest in the causes and treatment of bloating occurs in many people at different times in life. Depending on the nutritional conditions and the state of the body, this problem makes itself felt from time to time or persists for many years, so that some even get used to a certain discomfort associated with it.
Others, on the other hand, try to find the root of evil and put a lot of effort into choosing a diet and by trial and error figuring out which medications can help in the situation.
A feature of excessive gas formation in any part of the gastrointestinal tract is the fact that the symptoms differ greatly from patient to patient. If in one case it is discomfort and awkwardness in society, then in the other there may be tangible pain and malaise that disrupts the usual rhythm of life.
How serious the fight against gases in the digestive tract will be depends on the main factor - how much it interferes with well-being and communication with other people.
From the point of view of medicine
When it comes to bloating, doctors use several terms to describe a specific problem.
The accumulation of air in the esophagus and stomach, followed by their involuntary or deliberate excretion, simply put, belching, doctors call eructation and in practice pay attention to such complaints only in connection with the search for symptoms of stomach inflammation (gastritis) or peptic ulcer.
If it turns out that eructation is the only symptom, then, as a rule, treatment is not prescribed, since there is no disease.
Bloating below the esophagus and stomach, with obvious external signs and complaints of pain in the diaphragm is already called flatulence. This accumulation of gases (not air, as with belching) can be both a consequence of a gastrointestinal tract disease, and a functional disorder and some other disorders, which will be discussed below.
Finally, flatus is the excessive displacement of intestinal gases through the anus. Too frequent and in large quantities, this discharge causes a lot of inconvenience, and besides, it is often accompanied by painful sensations in the intestines.
Flatus, in contrast to the above manifestations, is almost always associated with pathological digestive processes, so you can get rid of it only after passing the appropriate examination and treatment.
Symptoms of gastrointestinal gas production
External and quite tangible manifestations of bloating can be variedimportant, given the fact that they can affect different parts of the alimentary tract - the esophagus, stomach, duodenum, small and large intestines.
Bloating is accompanied by one or more symptoms of varying severity :
- a feeling of fullness in the epigastrium (esophagus, stomach);
- cutting and pressing pains in the abdominal septum - diaphragm;
- protruding belly;
- when pressing on the stomach, movement is felt - the intestines hums ;
- difficulty with stool, most often constipation.
Provocateurs of bloating can be :
- plentiful fatty food;
- foods that are difficult to digest (legumes, certain meats, eggs);
- carbonated drinks;
- yeast (bread, kvass);
- a long break between meals;
- drinking with meals;
- the habit of chewing gum;
- large quantities of fatty sweets (cakes, pastries);
- taking antibiotics;
- abrupt change of water (for example, when moving to another area).
Normally, gas formation in the intestines is a necessary and inevitable process of food digestion. The gases formed as a result of the work of beneficial bacteria - intestinal microflora - help to move food masses and their final displacement (defecation).
Sometimes bloating complaints occur in healthy people and are not associated with any disease. The sensitive gut of some patients causes them to suffer from symptoms that, in principle, are normal.
You can deal with such discomfort by following an individually selected diet and trying to psychologically tune in to the fact that such bowel function is normal.
Learn more about the causes of bloating and gas
Gases in the stomach are not gases in the conventional sense, but only air absorbed during eating, drinking, chewing gum or smoking. Pathological, that is, excessive and constant swallowing of air is called aerophagia and can cause many problems.
Sometimes the swallowed air bypasses the gastric sphincter, the annular pyloric muscle, and enters the duodenum, where it expands and provokes cutting pain even more than in the stomach. But more often than not, air exits the stomach and esophagus in the form of belching.
Some deliberately try to belch as strong as possible after eating, as this brings significant relief and eliminates the heaviness in the stomach.
To get rid of the painful need to belch air, you need to persistently set yourself up for correct swallowing - in fact, learn to swallow again, by an effort of will separating the inhalation and the moment of swallowing food.
In addition, you need to stop chewing gum, sucking lollipops, stop drinking dry food (drinks are allowed an hour after eating).
Smokersyou need to learn how to draw in cigarette smoke by the expansion of the lungs, and not suck it into the oral cavity with the muscles of the cheeks and then swallow along with saliva. The habit of improper smoking is the most common cause of aerophagia.
However, smoking itself causes many gastrointestinal diseases, so belching may be just the beginning of a chain of symptoms. The best solution would be to quit smoking altogether while keeping your diet in moderation.
The reason for bloating after eating in the absence of belching will most likely not be not swallowing air, but the production of excess acid. This is how gastritis or gastroduodenitis manifests itself. Adequate treatment of these diseases will help get rid of discomfort after eating, but self-selected drugs in the pharmacy for stomach pain can only worsen the condition.
An examination by a gastroenterologist will help identify the real causes of bloating, as well as concomitant constipation. For example, may come out one of the forms of dysbiosis - the presence of any conditionally pathogenic bacteria that suppresses the normal microflora, or untreated thrush in women, which makes itself felt precisely through intestinal problems .
How to cure bloating
Since the work of the digestive tract is complex and depends on many factors, there is no instant way to get rid of bloating once and for all. Examination by a doctor, correct therapy, medicines and homeopathy will help. However, some of the most painful symptoms can be relieved before visiting a gastroenterologist and laboratory.
So, if you suffer from gastroduodenitis, heartburn, heaviness in the abdomen, you can take Mezim , which helps the pancreas, partially or completely responsible for the patient's painful condition.
The feeling of gas in the intestines can be reduced by using Espumisan tablets. In the form of an emulsion, this drug is also suitable for the elimination of intestinal colic in infants.
Homeopathic medicine Hilak-forte quickly copes with the manifestations of dysbiosis and bloating. The drops work to restore a favorable microflora, reducing pain and reducing gas formation.
Preparation of general adsorbing action Smecta eliminates the accumulation of gases and toxins, protects the mucous membrane.
A one-time measure for bloating is taking activated charcoal tablets at the rate of 1 tablet per 10 kg of patient weight. As a permanent remedy, it is completely unsuitable, since it rather aggressively acts on the intestinal walls.
Enterosgel works much better, absorbing harmful substances, digestive by-products in the form of excess gases and toxins and excreting them in the feces.
Any of the above drugs relieves symptoms, but does not solve a problem that can only be identified and eliminatedspecialist doctor after examination, including fecal analyzes, endoscopy, ultrasound of the gastrointestinal tract.
This is especially true for the causes of bloating in women - intestinal microflora disorders due to candidiasis. Its conscientious treatment followed by bacterial correction will improve intestinal immunity and relieve the disease for a long time, if not forever.