ITP Treatment Selection Criteria and Treatment Goals
How to avoid and treat vascular fragility?
Almost everyone has encountered problems related to blood vessels. Often, poor health is associated precisely with their functioning. Violation of blood flow is accompanied by oxygen starvation of organs and tissues, respectively, failures occur in all systems. Based on the foregoing, we can come to the conclusion that the symptoms of vascular pathologies can be very diverse. Atherosclerosis, hypertension and other pathologies can disrupt the functions of the heart, kidneys, brain, etc.
Normally, the walls of blood vessels are elastic and strong, they expand, increasing blood flow, which prevents an increase in pressure, and narrow, for example, retaining heat in the body during the cold season. When the thickness and elasticity of the vessels decreases, various pathologies develop. The most common occurrences are hypertension, varicose veins and atherosclerosis.
Reasons fragility of blood vessels
This body system is a kind of indicator of its state. Various mechanisms maintain vascular tone, their stability, structure, and permeability. These include neuroendocrine balance, hormones, pressure, metabolism, intoxication, blood pathologies, congenital wall defects.
The following reasons for the development of fragility can be distinguished:
- Hormonal imbalance in which there is an excess of estrogen;
- Congenital wall pathologies, manifested in its fragility and thinness;
- Varicose veins;
- Vitamin deficiency;
- Hypertension accompanied by nosebleeds;
- Metabolic disorders;
- Blood diseases: leukemia, thrombocytopenia;
- Diabetes, diabetic angiopathy;
- Taking medications: hormonal oral contraceptives, anticoagulants.
Who needs vascular strengthening?
The risk group includes people leading a predominantly sedentary lifestyle, for example, office workers. In addition, a course of prevention may be needed for those who have experienced a strong nervous shock. There is also a need for this in case of a deficiency of vitamines E, C and P. In diseases of the blood system, support is also mandatory. Various diseases such as varicose veins and atherosclerosis also require treatment.
Strengthening may be needed for long-term current pathologies, for example, flu and other infections, with chronic inflammation of the glands, high blood pressure, rheumatism, and inflammation of the kidneys. To establish the causes of fragility, it is necessary first of all to pass urine and blood tests.
Symptoms of fragility of blood vessels
Pathology makes itself felt by the following manifestations:
- Frequent dizziness;
- Darkening in the eyes with a sharp change in body position;
- Pulsing headaches;
- Cold hands and feet, even during the warm season;
- Bruising even with light blows;
- Joint aches when the weather changes;
- Sharp jumps in pressure, both upward and opposite;
- Recurrent nosebleeds;
- The appearance of a vascular network on the surface of the skin;
Treatment of fragility of blood vessels
A sick person should remember that a very serious illness can be hidden behind such a phenomenon, so it is not worth the time to visit a specialist. When bleeding occurs periodically, it is better not to self-medicate. Otherwise, when the condition is dangerous, you can try to cope with it yourself.
First of all, you need to identify the cause, and then proceed to eliminate it. It is necessary to carry out an integrated approach to the problem, a combination of diet therapy, medication, folk remedies and habit correction.
Nutrition for vascular disorders
The diet should be enriched with foods containing many vitamins and angioprotective substances (calcium, magnesium).
For example, more chicken, sea and river fish, raw vegetables and fruits, eggs, garlic and onions, eggplants, cereals, nuts, legumes, sour milk, apples, lemons, grapefruits, and wholemeal bread are introduced into the menu. It is recommended to give preference to boiling and stewing when preparing food.
Certain foods must also be excluded. For example, fried, as it raises cholesterol levels, which adversely affects tissue health. The ban includes baking, bread, smoked, spicy, spices.
Dishes should be moderately salted, sugar is also better not to abuse. Limit coffee and soda.
Medicines used for vascular fragility
The use of such is advisable for persistent pathology. It is not recommended to use them on your own, without first consulting a doctor.
The specialist may prescribe the following drugs:
- Ukrwarming vitamins. These include various multivitamin complexes, for example, Duovit , as well as ascorbic acid;
- Angioprotectors. As a rule, these are horse chestnut-based medicines, for example, Aescusan, Aescin . Very often they are prescribed when there is fragility of the venous vessels in the legs;
- Also, if the function of the veins is impaired, venotonics are prescribed, which in addition have a beneficial effect on the work of the capillaries. These include Normal , Detralex , Troxevasin , Phlebodia ;
- If the reasons are hidden in atherosclerosis, it is necessary to cleanse cholesterol plaques. This is done using tools such as Lovastatin and Atorvastatin;
- In addition to vitamins, tablets containing calcium and magnesium are shown, for example, Calcemin , Calcium D3 Nycomed , calcium dobesylate.
Treatment with folk remedies
Various recipes that have been used since ancient times have earned the trust of many for their effectiveness. They will be especially useful for those who have problems due to age-related changes. Various plants and natural products become indispensable helpers in treatment.
The infusion of field steel has proven itself quite effectively in violation of blood circulation in the legs. To prepare the medicine, you need 2 tbsp. l. root and 1/2 liter of boiling water.
The ingredients are mixed and boiled for 30 minutes over low heat. The agent is taken orally, after straining, up to 4 times a day, half a glass. An infusion of walnut leaves is prepared in a similar way, only 1 tbsp is needed. l. raw materials and one and a half glasses of boiling water. In this case, the ingredients are not boiled, but simply insisted. They drink the medicine up to 3 times a day, 150 ml.
Decoctions and infusions based on mountaineer have a beneficial effect on the condition of capillaries, veins and arteries. You can prepare them according to the above methods. Alternative leaves and berries of currants can serve: 1 tbsp. l raw materials are boiled with a glass of hot water. The product is drunk ½ cup each.
Increased fragility of blood vessels is easily eliminated through the use of black mountain ash (chokeberry). However, they have a positive effect regardless of the cause of the disease. They can be eaten fresh, made into juice, compote or sugar mixture, but you need to be careful for people who suffer from pressure drops.
Lemon juice is an excellent therapeutic and prophylactic agent. Before use, it is diluted with boiled warm water in a ratio of 1 to 3 and sweetened with honey.
Rosehip will be useful for blood vessels in particular and for the whole organism as a whole. For 10 g of dry berries of the plant, 200 ml of boiling water is required. Ingredienty mix and insist. They drink ½ glass twice a day.
It is very important to remember about such a problem as blood thickening while strengthening blood vessels. It is categorically contraindicated for those undergoing therapy with blood thinning drugs.
It should also be noted that, regardless of the methods of treating diseases, you should not experiment.
If your condition worsens, you should immediately see a doctor.