Allergic Rhinitis - causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology
How and how to treat dry rhinitis?
Dry rhinitis - this disease is one of the varieties of atrophic rhinitis. The causes of the onset of the disease have not yet been clarified, but as provoking factors, frequent infectious diseases, allergic reactions of the respiratory type and a climate with sharp temperature changes are distinguished. They also do not exclude an increased risk of atrophic rhinitis due to genetic factors and hormonal disruption.
The upper respiratory tract, which connects the nasopharynx, plays an important role for the body. Receptors of the mucous membrane produce a secret that washes away the pathogenic flora, and it enters the body in small quantities. That is why a runny nose occurs - the respiratory organs are fighting the introduction of pathogenic microorganisms, washing them out.
With dry rhinitis, the secretion is not secreted, and microbes enter the body unhindered.
Symptoms and causes of dry rhinitis
When a disease occurs in the initial stage, the patient constantly feels a feeling of thirst, but when he drinks water, the discomfort - dryness in the nasopharynx - increases.
Mucous discharge at the beginning is absent, but swelling of the mucous membrane gives the feeling that the nose is stuffy. It is impossible to blow your nose - this procedure can cause nosebleeds.
Difficulty breathing provokes a headache, heaviness in the forehead, makes it difficult to concentrate.
At the initial stage of the disease, the temperature may rise to subfebrile, a sore throat may be felt, and the tone of voice may change.
In most cases, anterior dry rhinitis occurs - the nasal cavity in the front of the nose expands. Ulcerative defects appear on the front part of the nasal septum, the vessels become fragile, and even a small physical impact - when breathing or sneezing - is enough to provoke nosebleeds.
A dry runny nose causes serious complications - the pathogenic flora is not filtered out, but immediately penetrates the respiratory system through the nasal passages.
If you do not start treating a runny nose at this stage, then dry rhinitis will very quickly turn into acute atrophic, and its symptoms are loss of smell and decay of nasal cartilage.
Therefore, as soon as the first symptoms appear, the treatment of dry rhinitis should be started immediately.
Diagnosis and treatment of the disease
If the disease is detected at the very beginning - before the appearance of abundant purulentdivisions, that is, the ability to prevent an irreversible process - atrophic rhinitis.
The diagnosis is made on the basis of a visual examination - swollen vessels stand out sharply on the hypertrophied mucous membrane, - and a scraping smear from the nasal mucosa - it is necessary to identify the pathogens that provoked the disease.
Treatment is only symptomatic - vasoconstrictor drops should be avoided, they cause further drying of the mucous membrane. However, you cannot do without them if the swelling is so severe that it makes breathing difficult.
How to treat dry rhinitis?
You should start with regular rinsing of the nose. At home, the nose is washed with a solution of sodium chloride - 1 tablespoon per liter of water, sea salt, Aquamaris or Aqualor . On an outpatient basis, procedures are performed with a special alkaline solution.
It is very important that the room is regularly wet cleaned and the air humidity is maintained at 56-60%. If allergy is considered the cause of dry rhinitis, then antihistamines are introduced into therapy.
It is necessary to do oil inhalations and lubricate the nasal passages with oil preparations and Lugol's solution. The use of aroma oils during treatment should be agreed with the attending physician.
If a runny nose of this nature is caused by the introduction of a viral infection, therapy with antibacterial or antiviral agents can be performed.
The immune status of the body is increased with the help of immunocorrectors and vitamin preparations.
You can try to eliminate unpleasant symptoms with folk remedies:
- Drops can be prepared:
- from calendula and red geranium leaf juices taken in equal amounts;
- ephedra juice;
- aloe juice - aloe mixed 1/1 with sea buckthorn oil;
- St. John's wort tinctures;
- black nightshade juice - this medicine should not be used for more than a week;
- The nasal passages are lubricated with menthol or sea buckthorn oil, petroleum jelly;
- It is advisable to add eucalyptus or calendula tincture to the nasal wash solution;
- For a change, you can wash the nasal mucosa with tincture of chamomile, sage, oak bark. The latter, due to the high content of tannins, helps to reduce the fragility of blood vessels;
- If there is no temperature, hot baths for hands and heels with mustard relieve swelling of mucous membranes.
In some popular recipes, incorrect advice is given, for example, lubricate the nasal mucosa with a honey solution with onion or garlic juice, drip your nose with diluted beet or carrot juice. In the treatment of dry rhinitis, this cannot be done - since there is no mucous discharge, the nutrient medium will cause a rapid growth of pathogensoh flora and the disease will worsen.
Since dry rhinitis is a chronic disease, it is very important not to exacerbate the condition. You should start treating it as soon as you feel chill in the larynx area. This feeling cannot be confused with anything - it seems that the air enters directly into the throat, and does not heat up at all when breathing.
Do not allow the nose to be stuffy, there was swelling of the mucous membranes. At the slightest sensation of dryness in the nose, it is necessary to start rinsing.
It is necessary to protect the nasal passages from the introduction of pathogenic bacteria and viruses against the background of overdrying - for this it is advisable to use nasal drops based on colloidal silver Protargol . It is necessary to carry out regular wet cleaning, eat rationally and correctly, drink a course of vitamins in winter and spring.
The condition must not be allowed to deteriorate. The transition of a dry runny nose to atrophic rhinitis is the appearance of an unpleasant odor, disfigurement of the face due to deformation of the nasal cartilage.
Treatment of complications is only operative, but if you take care of the nasal mucosa every day, you will not need to visit a surgeon.