Guzmania Plant Care Tips: The Bromeliad With The Vibrant Star Shaped Flower / Joy Us Garden
Guzmania care at home
Collectors houseplants with reverence and love refer to the find of the Spanish botanist and pharmacist A. Guzman, which became a flower with an unusual and memorable name Guzmania or Guzmania.
The homeland of this plant is the distant expanses of Central and South America. There, a flower growing under usual conditions has a uniform color, although there are specimens with transverse or longitudinal stripes, and its rosette can reach half a meter in diameter.
The leaves of the plant are very tightly pressed against the stem, which makes it look like a bowl for collecting rainwater and dew.
This life-giving moisture is very economically consumed, which is necessary to maintain a colorful and rather long flowering period. The Guzmania flower itself is very nondescript and short-lived, while its bracts have a luxurious and shiny color that attracts and delights the human eye for a long time.
Types of guzmania
The color of the colored part of the plant can range from deep red and yellow-orange, to all shades of pink and red-brown.
Despite the fact that in nature there are more than 130 modifications of plants of this species, most likely, in your flower shop there will be only a few variations of guzmania, namely:
- Reed, that is, with a very dense rosette, consisting of green and broad-linear foliage, about 45 cm long. The short and thick peduncle is surrounded by bracts of red or orange color. The most popular variety is Guzmania minor rondo, which grows more readily in width but not in height, has bright scarlet bracts and can form a half-meter rosette;
- Nicaraguan lingual, the foliage of which is narrowed upwards and is all exposed with pale and unusually small scales. The bract is usually kept in red-brown or bright red tones, and after the scales fall off, the foliage is covered with longitudinal and reddish strokes;
- One-spiked, which is distinguished by a dense rosette, consisting of many yellow-green leaves. Its inflorescence consists of whitish flowers collected in a spikelet, and the bracts of a sterile plant can be either white or bright red.
how to care for guzmania
Guzmania care , contained at home, has its own nuances. The fact is that this flower is not able to withstand drafts and sudden changes in temperature, so it must be indoors all year round.
If it is necessary to ventilate the room, the perennial must be protected from the flow of cold air. The place of permanent residence of the pot must be provided with sufficient natural light without direct sunlight.
Full care of such a pet is to maintain a constant ambient temperature. In summer, this figure can fluctuate between 20 and 30 degrees, while for the formation of an inflorescence it must be reduced to 25 degrees. In winter, the temperature in the room where the flower stands should not exceed 18-20 degrees, while at +12 - +15 there is a risk of rotting the outlet.
Keeping an eye on the guzmania requires careful adherence to an irrigation regime that uses exceptionally soft water. In winter, the flower is watered sparingly, while in summer and spring it needs to provide a constant flow of moisture. Rainwater is ideal.
It is worth remembering that excessive zeal with watering can cause decay, while during the spring and summer months, the plant outlet should be full of clean and fresh water. During an intensive growing season, a green pet should be periodically sprayed with the same rainwater, and the pot should be placed on a pallet lined with moss or expanded clay.
Top dressing occurs a couple of times a month and involves the use of low concentration mineral solutions.
reproduction and transplantation of guzmania
Due to the fact that this flower grows very slowly, the transplantation of guzmania often occurs only after the young shoots have separated from the dying rosette. Since the root system of this plant is extremely small, it will need a pot that reaches no more than 15 cm in diameter. Children of certain species of Guzmania can even be raised in baskets or moss patches attached to the bark.
In order to take care of the flower has become even easier, and at the same time the risk of waterlogging of the soil has decreased, a thick drainage layer and a hole for draining excess water should be made in the bottom of the pot. You can transplant gusmania into a mixture of peat or leafy soil, with the addition of sand, humus, crushed bark and sphagnum moss.
If you can't find all the ingredients you need nearby, feel free to use store-bought orchid primer. The solution to the problem of how to transplant the grown children of Guzmania is to place them in small pots with the necessary earthen mixture, and provide them with the usual conditions of detention.
Guzmania propagation occurs by sowing seeds or separating the basal shoots that appear around the dying rosette.
difficulty in caring forguzmania
Unpretentiousness and beauty, exoticism and uniqueness - this is what distinguishes the guzmania flower, which every homegrown is obliged to know about. But like any plant, this green pet has its own enemies. Most often, you have to deal with spider mites, mealybugs, scale insects and other pests.
But often it is the growers themselves who are to blame for the fact that the guzmania at home begins to show drying tips of leaves with brownish or pale brown spots appearing on them.
There may be several reasons for this, namely:
- using hard water for irrigation and spraying;
- lack of moisture in the outlet;
- very dry air in the room;
- direct sunlight.
Novice florists are concerned about how to care for a flower if the guzmania rots and dies before our eyes. There can be two options for the development of events: either the flower dies off after flowering, or it is simply waterlogged, and water stagnates in the pan.
Love your plant, take care of it and then the magnificent guzmania will delight you with its lush and unusual flowering!