Teeth & Dentistry : Causes of Delayed Tooth Development in Toddlers
Eye teeth in a child: features, eruption, symptoms
For many children, teething is not easy, so parents worry and panic. To avoid such unrest, you need to know which teeth are called eye teeth, what are their features and the first manifestations of eruption. With timely help and detection of the first symptoms, the child will not feel discomfort and pain.
What it means term
If you have a question, what are the eye teeth, then it is worth considering that there is no such term in medicine. The people call the fangs above and below. They are formed in pairs on the jaws, and in the neighborhood there are molars, if children have a temporary bite, or small type molars (permanent).
It is important for parents to know not only which teeth are called eye teeth, but also at what period they climb in children of different ages. Teething of eye teeth is different for each child, but there are also generally accepted growth rates, which were determined by children's doctors.
As a rule, the period from 15 to 20 months is the time of canine formation. When an eye tooth climbs, where is it during this period? At the very beginning - in the upper part, and after that it crawls out on the bottom.
It is common for children to form temporary eye teeth first, but the standard teething pattern is as follows:
- Lateral incisors.
- Central incisors.
- Canine teeth, called eye.
The permanent milk teeth under consideration change in this order: first on the lower jaw, and then only on the upper. Roughly in the first case, this is a period from 8 to 10 years, and in the second - from 10 to 12 years.
The original name eye teeth was given due to the close location of the branches of the facial nerve next to them. If it is irritated, children and adults experience sharp pains that spread to the eyes and the entire upper part of the face. Teething of milk canines often causes severe discomfort, and their removal is necessarily accompanied by strong pain relief.
The normal teething sequence (permanent) in children is as follows:
- up to 6 years - molars;
- up to 10 years - incisors, both lateral and central;
- under 13 - premolars and canines themselves.
If the sequence is broken, then this is a dialectit about the individual characteristics of the child. However, it is impossible to take the phenomenon lightly, since a serious violation or pathology is possible.
Features of eye teeth
In order to understand what children's eye teeth are, you need to know the features of canines, which distinguish them from the rest.
These include the following:
- The upper considered tooth is larger than the lower one;
- There is only one rather long root at the canines, but it is compressed on the lateral sides;
- The upper tooth with a long edge has extensive contact surfaces;
- A flattened crown consists of 2 (cutting) edges that form an acute angle with each other.
Due to the listed features and location, the canines do an excellent job with their main task - tearing the ingested food into pieces and holding it.
Ophthalmic teeth in children can cause acute pain symptoms, which indicates a problem with a long duration of pain syndrome.
If the pain persists and suspicious symptoms are noticed, then it is best to immediately make an appointment with the dentist. This will avoid dangerous complications, tooth extraction and the development of pathologies such as periodontitis, pulpitis or periostitis. Before visiting a specialist, it is allowed to give the child a safe pain reliever, but it is not recommended to independently treat with other means.
Ocular teeth in young children appear only after the first molars and all incisors have come out. Usually, in the period from 15 to 18 months, the canines begin to appear on the top, and after 2 months, the lower ones.
Their later formation is due to their deep enough presence in the jaws. It is because of this, and also because the optic nerve is located not far from the gum, this phenomenon causes strong discomfort in children.
Ocular teeth in children, the symptoms of eruption of which can manifest themselves with varying degrees of intensity, can affect the condition of the eyes. The most common negative manifestations are conjunctivitis and profuse lacrimation. However, there are times when parents notice that the teeth have already come out, that is, the eruption of canines does not cause any inconvenience to the baby. Therefore, you should not worry in advance, especially since by the time the eye teeth are being formed, the child is no longer quite tiny, which means that he will endure the process easier.
During the formation of canines in children, a moderate increase in temperature is often manifested. The mouth and nose, namely the mucous membranes, swell, leading to a runny nose. A small child can often be capricious, hysterical. In addition, at night the baby often does not sleep well due to the unstable emotional state and the active process of tooth formation.
Parents should be able to identifywhen teething begins in children.
Symptoms that bother the baby are as follows:
- Saliva is profuse;
- Appetite decreases noticeably;
- Gums hurt and swell, redness appears.
All of the above is normal in this process. There are other manifestations that need to be treated responsibly and carefully, since the development of a dangerous complication is possible.
Signs of pathology include:
- Loose stools and diarrhea;
- Heat (more than 38 degrees);
- Nausea followed by vomiting;
- General intoxication;
- Painful sensations in the nasopharynx and ears.
Often, teething in young children can go along with a runny nose. There is no danger if the discharge of a thin consistency is colorless. In the opposite case, when the mucus is thick and yellowish, you need to immediately treat a runny nose, since infection is possible. Pediatricians advise using seawater to eliminate mucus.
The following are also considered effective tools :
- Marimer ;
- Aquamaris ;
- Aqualor for children;
- Humer .
All drugs are sprays, vasoconstrictor drops or aerosols. More serious medications can be used only after consultation with a pediatrician, who will examine the child and make an accurate diagnosis.
Do not be nervous if children have begun a period when an eye tooth is forming. Removal of canines with the development of complications, if an infection is brought in, is an extreme measure that dentists resort to.
A complex treatment can be prescribed to the child, thanks to which you can not only get rid of pain, but also forget about the unpleasant period for a long time.
If children have discomfort when teething, then you can do the following:
- Lubricate reddened gums over the developing canine with special gels several times a day. This can be Kamistad or Dentinox . The kid will immediately feel better, and he will stop being capricious.
- Massage the painful area of the inflamed gums with your finger. You can do this several times a day. The duration of the procedure is up to 2 minutes.
- Provide heat-relieving agents as needed. It can be candles or sweet syrup. The most common are children Nurofen , Ibuprofen or Panadol .
- Buy teethers with a cooling effect. Filll - distilled water, which is cooled for several hours in the refrigerator before use. The teether can then be given to children.
All activities carried out by parents to alleviate the child's condition should be carried out only after consultation with a specialist. Otherwise, the baby's health can only be harmed.