What diet and nutrition plan is recommended to manage chronic pancreatitis?
Diet for chronic pancreatitis: what to eat and what to stay away from
The pancreas is a very small, but capricious gland that is very sensitive to changes in its usual diet. And if she is offended , then the person will have to comply with strict food restrictions, which will be discussed in this article.
So, in order not to bring oneself to pancreatitis in a chronic or exacerbated stage, one has to learn all the delights of diet No. 5, which, by the way, is followed in both preventive and medicinal purposes.
What is allowed from vegetables?
Among the permitted vegetable crops, the most controversial is the tomato. Some nutritionists respect it for its high fiber content and the ability to remove cholesterol from the body, while others consider this vegetable a powerful choleretic agent that overloads the pancreas, weakened and inflamed.
In general, a tomato is acceptable, but in small doses, baked or stewed. It is extremely useful, self-prepared tomato fresh, mixed with carrot juice. It is believed that such drinking stimulates the activity of the gland, which is in remission.
In case of chronic course, it is allowed to eat cucumbers, and doctors often prescribe a full-fledged cucumber diet. According to her, in 7 days you need to eat 7 kilograms of this vegetable, saturated with vitamins and valuable trace elements. Again, the conversation is about homemade cucumbers, in which there is not a single gram of chemistry. Only they can unload the gland and prevent / calm inflammation.
Patients can , and it is even necessary to use any cabbage varieties, but not in a sauerkraut state. They need to be stewed or boiled, baked in the oven and eaten raw little by little. But you will have to forget about seaweed, because it is very difficult and difficult to digest, forcing the pancreas to work at full strength.
What is acceptable from vegetables?
If the health problems of the gland are in an aggravated state, it is undesirable, and sometimes critically dangerous, to consume acidic fruits with a high fiber content. In general, fruits are allowed only from the 10th day from the beginning of the remission period, and then in the amount of one position per day.
Undoubtedly, the vitamins and minerals they contain are extremely important for the human body, but fiber is extremely difficult forfor digestion.
So, which fruits are allowed and, on the contrary, it is not allowed to eat:
- Watermelon, all kinds of exotic, green and sweet apples, bananas and melons, strawberries and pineapples;
- You can not eat any kind of citrus, mango and sour apples, cherry plums, even the sweetest plums, peaches and apricots;
- During remission, you can experiment a little with forbidden fruits and their combinations, but only if you bake them in the oven.
What about alcohol?
Alcoholic products in pancreatitis, whether in acute, remission or protracted, are completely unacceptable due to the fact that there are no enzymes in the pancreas that can break down alcohol.
Neglect of this rule is fraught with exacerbation of pathology and anatomical destruction of the organ, the formation of fibrous foci in it and even decay.
Keep in mind that the gland is never fully rehabilitated, and for the rest of its life it functions in an inferior mode.
What do you have to forget about?
Foods that are taboo in chronic or acute pancreatitis are any spicy, fatty and smoked food that contains a lot of protein:
- All types of fatty meat and dishes from it, canned meat and stew;
- Canned fish and any fatty seafood;
- Aspic, bone broth;
- Food that contains preservatives, food colors, flavors, and other synthetic additives;
- The list of prohibited dairy products for pancreatitis consists of chocolate-glazed curd cheeses, cottage cheese with a fat content of more than 9%, smoked and salted cheeses. Ice cream, high fat cream and whole milk are contraindicated;
- Shop drinks like lemonade and soda, as they cause bloating, are loaded with chemicals and sugars. The ban includes coffee, strong tea, cocoa, bread kvass, chicory;
- The pancreas gets tense if feed with muffins, sweets and chocolate;
- Boiled and fried eggs are prohibited;
- Hard, too coarse and difficult to digest varieties of vegetables: radishes, radishes, any legumes, sweet peppers, raw onions, sorrel, etc.;
- Any fast food is generally unacceptable;
- Too sweet, very sour and exotic fruits.
What to eat?
Do you know what exactly likes pancreas? It turns out that she needs cold, hunger and peace. The main guarantee of her health is to eat often, fractionally and correctly. What foods can be considered safe for pancreatitis?
See for yourself:
- Vegetables in any form, but it is better if they are boiled, stewed, baked, andeven served in the form of juices or fruit drinks. Vegetarian soups and first courses based on vegetables are very useful;
- Permitted fruits are described above. You can add that it is permissible to make jelly and compotes from them, as well as easily digestible purees;
- Sour milk liquid products, represented by yogurt, kefirs, yoghurts, etc., but not whole milk, which can provoke bloating and flatulence. You can also eat cottage cheese, make desserts and casseroles from it, but varieties such as mozzarella, Russian and Gouda are allowed from cheeses;
- Healthy meat products - cutlets and meatballs from lean veal. It is also steamed, boiled, turned into soufflé and broths for soups;
- The pancreas copes poorly with egg yolk, and therefore it is better not to eat it at all, while the white of a boiled egg is permissible no more than a couple of times a week;
- Only pearl barley and millet are excluded from cereals, because they are difficult to digest. But buckwheat, semolina and oatmeal, as well as any pasta, are only welcome. The latter are best seasoned with a small amount of vegetable or good butter;
- Healthy fish products for pancreatitis are fillets of lean fish like pollock or hake. You can make steamed cutlets and meatballs, casseroles and fish soup from it;
- The list of baked goods is scanty at all: dried slices of white bread, unsweetened and completely uncomfortable cookies, ideally a biscuit;
- Sugar is excluded altogether, and in all forms. Instead, jelly is prepared, marmalade and marshmallows are rarely allowed;
- Regarding drinks, we can say the following: any, better home-made, fermented milk products are very useful, although green teas, compotes, jelly, rosehip decoctions and healing herbal infusions are acceptable for pancreatitis.
Pancreatitis is a serious diagnosis, with which, most likely, you will have to live your whole life. This means that eating habits will undergo significant metamorphoses, but you can adapt to them.
The main thing is to make the diet varied, experiment with combinations of permitted foods and lead a healthy lifestyle in general. I wish you health and wellness!