Measles, scarlet fever and slapped cheek
Dangers of scarlet fever during pregnancy
Scarlet fever is considered to be a childhood illness. Indeed, it can be more often found in young children, but the disease has no age restrictions.
What are the consequences of scarlet fever, if it occurs during pregnancy, will the pregnancy have to be terminated? Does the condition affect the development and formation of the fetus?
How to treat the disease if symptoms of scarlet fever appear during pregnancy?
The disease occurs when streptococcus is introduced into the body. It is transmitted by airborne droplets and by contact, the incubation period can be 10-12 days.
Signs of scarlet fever:
- sore throat - the throat is bright red - the clinical picture resembles a purulent sore throat;
- high temperature;
- general malaise and weakness;
- a small rash on the body that disappears with pressure.
The rash appears on the third day after the onset of the disease.
The disease can occur without symptoms or with mild symptoms - only with the appearance of a rash.
To avoid complications, the disease should not be carried on legs.
Scarlet fever during pregnancy
For the development of the fetus, scarlet fever is not dangerous during pregnancy. If the mother-to-be gets sick, then the child will not develop pathologies when the infection is introduced into the body.
The danger is different - treatment is carried out with antibiotics of the penicillin series, but they already pose a threat to the unborn baby, especially when they were used in the early stages.
In the first trimester, it is undesirable to use any medications, and even more so antibiotics. Their use can cause miscarriage, disrupt the formation of organic systems of the fetus.
Treatment of scarlet fever only with warm drink, bed rest and herbal decoctions is impossible, especially since a pregnant woman and herbs can be drunk with restriction. Even chamomile, which is considered one of the easiest and most harmless types of plant materials with antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties, should be set aside until delivery. It has a choleretic effect - albeit mild - that can trigger an interruption.
If the disease is left untreated, there is a very high risk of serious complications from the genitourinary system - pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis, - or sepsis.
These diseases pose a threat not only to a woman's health, but also to her life. In this case, bolus doses of antibiotics will be used.
If a spontaneous pretearing will not occur, then the decision to continue bearing is made after a thorough examination of the condition of the fetus - an ultrasound examination is done and the amniotic (amniotic) fluid is taken for analysis.
In late pregnancy, scarlet fever is less dangerous. You can already use antibacterial drugs, because the main systems of the fetus are already fully formed.
However, the risk of complications on the genitourinary system of the woman and the unborn baby remains. Intoxication with scarlet fever during pregnancy in the early and late stages is equally dangerous, but to save the life of the child, you can do a cesarean section.
Currently, babies born at 26-28 weeks of age can be saved at the end of the 2nd semester. In terms of physiological development, such children catch up with their peers born on time, within a year.
Scarlet Fever Treatment
At the first symptoms of the disease - with the appearance of a high temperature and sore throat - it is necessary to give up an active life and reorganize to bed rest. The first 3 days it is still unclear what the disease will be and even the doctor can diagnose angina, but the best way to protect yourself from possible complications is to go to bed right away, regardless of whether there is a pregnancy
A rash in the form of small specks appears on the body for 3-4 days. In order not to mistake it for an allergic reaction, the following test is performed. With slight pressure, it turns pale, and with strong pressure, the skin becomes golden. Pimples are localized on the face, torso and in the groin area. The rash disappears in a week, there are no traces left.
Interestingly, the tongue, due to the large accumulation of streptococci, red up to 4 days, can turn green. True, this symptom is optional.
It is impossible to rinse off purulent deposits, as with angina. Gargling can relieve a sore throat, but not for long. They go away on their own as the general condition is relieved.
After the appearance of the rash, the skin becomes dense and tough, begins to peel off. This could be a sign that recovery is near.
For treatment, antibiotics from the penicillin series are prescribed, in case of their intolerance - from the tetracycline. Antibacterial drugs must be used without fail - the infection spreads through the bloodstream throughout the body, which causes a high risk of complications. Vitamin therapy is connected to the treatment of the disease - vitamins C, groups B, A, immune agents of various types.
This therapy can be used only in late pregnancy - in the 1st trimester it is more dangerous for the development of the fetus than the disease itself.
Currently, scarlet fever is not considered a serious disease, it can be easily treated with the use of antibacterial drugs. Its danger during pregnancy is that it is undesirable to use antibiotics during this condition. With easyIn the course of scarlet fever, you can do without drugs at all.
If a woman had contact with a sick scarlet fever just before childbirth, she should warn doctors about this. In this case, a decision can be made on preventive measures - the mother and newborn babies will be administered antibacterial drugs.
Do not under any circumstances self-diagnose and self-medicate! It could be life threatening for your child!