Clematis pflege Standort schneiden gießen düngen überwintern vermehren Waldreben


Clematis, a perennial plant, belongs to the buttercup family. Translated from Greek, klema is a climbing plant. Among the people, this plant has received various nicknames: grandfather's curls, warthog, clematis. Clematis is a beautiful climbing plant with small bright green leaves and different colors of flowers.


There are a lot of subspecies of clematis, they differ in color, size, shape of the flower and the bush itself. The colors of clematis are so diverse that it makes you feel touched by such a variety.

You can find bright and exotic flowering in clematis, or vice versa, gentle and touching.

In nature, this plant can be found in various continents on stones, in mountains, forests, steppes and even on the banks of rivers.

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Clematis features

There are many types of clematis in the Greensad store, and the difference lies not only in the variety of flowers, but also in the content and characteristics of the plant. Clematis has a root system that is divided into two types: pivotal and fibrous. Thus, plants with tap root systems do not tolerate transplanting very well, so you should immediately find a permanent residence for this species.

These species include: C. tangutica (Tangut), C. serratifolia (serratifolia). There are also herbaceous perennials, dwarf shrubs, shrubs and leaf-climbing lianas. The former include C. mandshurica (Manchurian), C. recta (straight), C. texensis (Texas), they have shoots that die off by the end of the growing season. The shrubs C. heracleifolia (hogweed), C. integrifolia (whole-leaved) have a stiff lower part that persists for several years and upper shoots that die off.


Shrubs C. fruticosa f. lobata (shrub f. lobular) there are lignified shoots that survive wintering. Most of the species belong to the latter group: C. tangutica (tangut), C. vitalba (grape-leaved), C. viticella (purple). They have petioles, with the help of which they rise along the supports.

In the spring, young shoots wake up from dormant buds, round in herbaceous species, reddish-brown in woody hexagonal ones. At the end of the growth of shoots, inflorescences appear on the plant.

There are early clematis, which bloom 2 months after waking up, and late ones, which bloom in late summer.

A short-term drop in temperature to -7 degrees is not terrible for the plant, clematis goes into hibernation after installing persistent frostsov.

Clematis care

The clematis plant is quite light-requiring, so it likes to be on the sunny side of the site.

Watering should be done infrequently, but abundantly enough, and try not to get into the center of the bush. In spring, it is good to water the clematis bush with a solution of lime at the rate of 200 grams per 10 liters.


In the summer, it is advisable to spray the plant with urea and water it with organic and mineral fertilizers, alternating. Fertilizing clematis costs about 4 times per season.

In early spring and autumn, a young plant should be watered with rotted manure mixed with phosphorus and potassium fertilizers. This should be done every 2 weeks.

The soil at the base of the bush should be covered with peat or humus, after loosening the ground. In the spring, before new shoots are formed, clematis must be installed on a support along which new shoots will trail.

Clematis Blossom

Subject to certain rules, clematis will delight you with abundant and long flowering. As Greensad experts say, the main thing is to remember that flowering directly depends on the number of young shoots of the plant. Therefore, poor flowering is often caused by improper pruning of the bush. Ideally, 10-15 young shoots should remain on the bush.


Abundant flowering of a plant begins in the third year of life, then a sufficient number of young shoots are formed per season.

Also, when choosing a plant, it is worth considering the characteristics of your particular region and choosing varieties that are more adapted to it.

During flowering, clematis should be fertilized and fed, at the beginning of flowering with a manure solution, and two weeks later with a mineral complex. Also, the absence of flowering can be the appearance of parasites, nematodes in the soil.

Ball-shaped thickenings on the root system can tell about this. In this case, the plant should be dug up and destroyed, along with the plot of land in which it grew.

Clematis: Die Waldreben richtig pflegen und pflanzen | MDR Garten

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