Top 3 Most common Psychological disorders explained
Causes, signs and symptoms of mental disorders
What are the symptoms of a real mental disorder and when should you sound the alarm? Do I need to go to a psychiatrist on a voluntary basis, or is it fraught with any problems in society? Today we will delve into this delicate topic and sort through all the most popular questions.
Etiology and pathogenesis of mental disorders
With regard to the causes of the appearance of various mental disorders, the opinions of scientists differ significantly. Some say that bad heredity is to blame. Moreover, they support their idea with the results of studies on monozygotic twins.
Others argue that the gender of an individual plays an important role in the formation of such mental defects. The third category of researchers is inclined to believe that the main causes of mental disorders are purely exogenous adverse factors.
For example, a disorder can develop against the background of a nervous shock, after prolonged use of spice and other psychotropic substances, as well as with alcoholism. By the way, mental disorder after spice for many years really takes place. Even the healthiest person, who initially had no prerequisites for such disorders, can easily get them by taking smoking mixtures and other drugs with such an aggressive psychogenic effect.
A borderline state in psychiatry is diagnosed in every third patient, even if he does not present any complaints and behaves more than adequately. Its clinical signs are equally relevant for both women and men.
If we talk about endogenous factors that provoke mental disorders, they are also often their direct provocateurs. First of all, this category should include severe infectious processes that affect the activity of the brain and change its biochemical structure. The most dangerous and at the same time widespread phenomenon in this regard is meningitis.
Encephalitis is less common, but it affects the subtle human consciousness just as badly. These pathologies cause extensive toxic damage to the main organ of our body - the brain. This does not happen in all, but in the vast majority of cases. Also, the infection can be secondary, and come to the brain from other internal organs.
Here, again, one cannot fail to mention alcoholism, in which poisoning with metabolic products occurs throughout the body, and gradually gets to the brain. Mental disorders in alcoholism are a record frequent occurrence among patients who initially had absolutely no prerequisites for their development.
Such syndromes of mental disorders, such as psychoses of various types, can be of an internal nature. For example, a person often comes to them with protracted endocrine diseasesonic type. These disorders can also be triggered by permanent hypovitaminosis and acute nutritional deficiencies in the body.
It is for this reason that girls and women who constantly follow strict diets sooner or later come to such a diagnosis as anorexia nervosa .
It is also no secret for doctors that a lack of vitamin B12 in the body leads to very real dementia.
We summarize all the possible causes of mental disorders:
- Extensive intoxication of the brain (in particular, against the background of severe infectious processes);
- Disorders of vital organs and systems of the human body;
- Inadequate or inappropriate nutrition, provoking permanent hypovitaminosis;
- Oncological processes in the brain;
- Severe craniocerebral trauma, open or closed;
- Taking toxic substances, or constant contact with them on duty;
- Alcoholism and drug addiction;
- Disorders of nervous activity;
- Genetic predisposition.
I must say that the last factor is not sufficiently studied to state directly about it. Nevertheless, numerous practical studies have shown that people with inherited schizoid personality types are much more susceptible to the development of heterogeneous mental illnesses than those who do not have such abnormalities in their family history.
If there were psychiatric patients in your family, you should pay special attention to your lifestyle so as not to provoke the presence of disorders in yourself. If you find a borderline mental disorder, in this case, you should immediately contact the appropriate specialist on a voluntary basis.
How do I know if I have a mental disorder?
The symptoms of these pathologies are extremely diverse and multifaceted, if not to say that they are individual for each individual case. Psychos always seem to us about the same. According to our guesses and speculations, these are extremely violent people capable of committing crimes without a twinge of conscience.
However, this is nothing more than a common stereotype. Mental disorder can manifest itself even in ... chronic insomnia!
At the same time, in ordinary life, the patient behaves quite calmly and balanced. Frankly speaking, the riot and propensity to antisocial actions are already the final stage in the development of mental disorders, provoked by the lack of adequate timely treatment.
Gender disorder, or gender dysphoria, is becoming quite an interesting phenomenon. With a gender disorder of the psyche, the fact is that the patient cannot fully recognize his gender. At the same time, he behaves completely the normflax and balanced in the usual life. By the way, sex reassignment surgery is allowed for a person only if he has passed a preliminary psychiatric examination, and persistent dysphoria has been diagnosed and approved by the attending or observing doctor.
If we talk about the symptoms of such pathologies, they vary greatly from case to case, even with similar or identical diseases. You need to understand that the human psyche is a powerful machine with the finest mechanisms, any of which can fail.
Imagine a car with a flat tire. He is not capable of further movement, is he? But if all the tires are intact and the engine is malfunctioning, it will not run either. Much the same can be said about mental disorders and pathologies.
Several common signs of mental disorders in women and men:
- Disorders of sensory cognition (such as sensopathy or photophobia);
- Reduced susceptibility to stimuli;
- Hallucinations (auditory, visual, tactile, etc.);
- Pseudo-hallucinations (a person clearly realizes that everything that appears does not happen in reality, but only seems to him);
- Affective, pareidolic and verbal illusions;
- Euphoria, or, conversely, constant depression and melancholy;
- Manic-depressive symptoms (frequent mood swings);
- Disorders of perception of one's own body (dysmorphophobia inclusive);
- Insomnias and parasomnias;
- Delusional states;
- Obsessive thoughts;
- Disorders of memory and intellectual activity in general;
- Delirium and dementia (usually in advanced cases).
If you find symptoms and signs of mental disorders in yourself or your loved ones, we recommend that you immediately seek help from a specialist psychiatrist.
Remember that a voluntary visit to the clinic in this case is strictly confidential, but compulsory treatment can have an extremely negative impact on your life. Be healthy!