Paronychia - Everything You Need To Know - Dr. Nabil Ebraheim
Blisters on the fingers: how to find out the cause and treat?
Aggressive chemicals, humid and dry air, high and low temperatures, microorganisms - all these influences are exposed to human hands. Small water bubbles on the fingers and palms of the hands are caused by these factors.
The cause of such troubles can be not only external factors, but also parasites, diseases of internal organs. It is not possible to get rid of such a pathology on your own in all cases.
Often it is necessary to consult a specialist, take tests and take medications. Strengthening the immune system, giving up bad habits and using folk remedies will help to cope with such a problem and prevent its reappearance.
Signs and symptoms of blisters on the fingers
Blisters on the hands are small, oval or round bumps located under the skin and filled with fluid. They can cause pain, itching, itching, but often appear without any pronounced reactions.
Symptoms of diseases may vary and depend on the etiology of the disease:
- Allergies, irritation and burns. Blisters on the fingers caused by these causes are usually painful, itchy, itchy, and reddened around the lesion.
- Bullous impetigo. Small bubbles that appear may turn red.
- Herpes virus. The first type - small bubbles appear, accompanied by an increase in the temperature indicators of the affected skin areas, itching, tingling, swelling and redness, as a result, blisters appear. Painful ulcers form after they rupture.
- Varicella zoster virus. The skin becomes inflamed, and symptoms are itching and blistering.
- Coxsackie A16. Causative agent of diseases of the mouth, hands and feet, accompanied by the appearance of blisters on the feet, palms and mucous membrane of the mouth.
- Skin pathologies. Small water blisters can appear on mucous membranes, palms, hands, forearms, and genitals. Symptoms of diseases are different - fever, cough, muscle pain, sore throat, severe itching, burning.
- Reaction to drugs. Sometimes there is hypersensitivity to sunlight, which is accompanied by the formation of water blisters in the vein.de burns. The most severe consequences are increased body temperature, redness and general malaise.
Causes of the disease
Small water blisters on the fingers can appear for various reasons.
Banal irritation is quite common. Blisters occur due to all sorts of mechanical factors - the use of any tools without the use of protective equipment, irritation after chemicals. Temperatures that are too high or too low can also cause bubbles. Small blisters can also be triggered by contact dermatitis - a natural irritation of the skin to chemicals.
Contact allergic dermatitis is one of the varieties of skin eczema. It can also be accompanied by blisters on the fingers. The reason for this pathology is an allergic reaction to poisons, chemicals, food, animals and birds.
Small water bubbles on the fingers can be triggered by various infections:
- Viral infections of the genitals and lips - for example, herpes;
- Skin infections caused by staphylococcus aureus;
- Shingles, chickenpox.
Most often, such infections occur at a young age.
Various pathologies and diseases of the skin can also be accompanied by the appearance of blisters on the hands. These include pemphigod, pemphigus, dermatitis, hereditary diseases - skin porphyria, epidermolysis bullosa, which cause blisters due to prolonged exposure to the sun, pressure or injury.
Some drugs can also cause small blisters and other damage to the skin.
Treatment of water blisters on fingers with medications
If blisters appear on the fingers, consult a specialist. The doctor must determine the cause of the blistering and prescribe the necessary medications. The treatment regimen may vary depending on the etiology of vesicles on the fingers.
For example, if the identified rash is allergic, then antihistamines are prescribed - tavegil, citrine, suprastin, loratadine and others. The parasitic nature of the disease is eliminated by antiparasitic drugs.
The course of treatment is carried out in a comprehensive manner and depends on the nature and causes of the rash. As a result, the doctor may prescribe antiallergenic, sedative, or desensitizing drugs.
The specialist prescribes not only oral medications, but also topical preparations that relieve redness, itching, inflammation and swelling. Various ointments, creams, compresses can act in their role.
The main condition of therapy is considered to be thorough hygiene of hands and feet, constant treatment of skin rashes and timely change of bandages and bandslanguage. Often, complex treatment includes adherence to a diet, a daily regimen, especially if the appearance of small water blisters on the fingers is an allergic reaction to food.
When the condition worsens:
- Try to avoid stress;
- Only dietary and healthy foodstuffs rich in vitamins are used for food;
- Hormonal ointments and creams are used;
- Observe the regime of rest and wakefulness;
- Hygiene is observed - hands are washed with a disinfectant, if necessary, gloves are worn to protect the skin of the hands from contact with chemicals and substances;
- Fatty creams or petroleum jelly are applied, which contain glycerin;
- Special vitamins are taken, plenty of liquid;
- Bursting skin from the blister does not come off on its own - only a doctor can do this during inpatient treatment.
If the number of water blisters on the fingers remains unchanged, and the disease itself does not cause inconvenience, the hands do not itch, then they can be eliminated through various herbal natural preparations.
Certain herbs are used for this purpose:
It is quite easy to prevent the appearance of blisters and other dermatological pathologies. You can use special sunscreens to protect your skin from sunburn. If you are taking medications that increase your sensitivity to sunlight, you should not stay in the sun for a long time. In the cold season, it is necessary to wear hats, socks, gloves - they protect the skin from low temperatures.
To protect the skin and fingers from blistering it is desirable:
- Properly formulate the diet, including minerals and vitamins;
- Avoid washing damaged skin with warm water and soap;
- Hands dry thoroughly after washing;
- Cosmetics with a moisturizing effect should not contain alcohol;
- Gloves are advisable during wet work.
Also to be avoided:
- Allergens and irritants that cause blistering;
- Certain hygiene products;
- Certain metals found in jewelry, such as nickel;
- Plants containing toxins.
In order to prevent blisters and other skin infections from appearing on the skin of your hands, it is advisable not to touch the wounds and ulcers of other people, observe all hygiene rules and wash your hands thoroughly. The risk of getting herpes increases when you have sex with a strangerpeople.
Shingles and chickenpox are eliminated through childhood vaccination. Adults who have never had chickenpox can also be vaccinated.
Blisters caused by genetic and autoimmune pathologies cannot be prevented.