Anorexia Nervosa - Leben mit Magersucht: „Es ist besser, wenn sie schläft“
Almost all women and men have a tendency to correct something in their appearance. But sometimes the desire to have a slender figure subjugates the whole life, radically changes food habits, bringing a person to exhaustion, and this is already abnormal.
This behavior is a symptom of an eating disorder and is termed anorexia.
The desire to lose weight is becoming more important than any other value and motivation. Already slender girls lose the ability to see themselves from the side more or less objectively.
Whichever weight loss results are achieved, they will continue to be dissatisfied with themselves and set new goals for weight loss.
At some point, anorexic patients with a severe form of the disease bring themselves to the point of complete depletion of the body. Their mass becomes much lower than normal, which threatens life.
Serious eating disorder is a serious illness that can cause irreparable damage to your health.
The psychology of anorexia boils down to three deviations:
- uncontrollable fear of gaining weight;
- distorted perception of your appearance;
- refusal to maintain normal body weight.
The consequences of anorexia depend on how long and how much the patient tortured his body. The disease can be fatal if effective treatment of anorexia is not organized in time.
Patient assistance should be provided by experienced doctors with the assistance of psychologists. Specialists help convince the patient that he deserves to be happy, teach patients to value and respect themselves.
Treatment of anorexia in a hospital setting allows patients to feel better and return to normal life. You need to understand that the healing process is long, since the disease, as a rule, occurs for both physiological reasons (heredity) and psychological (environmental influence, low self-esteem).
Anorexic's life revolves around food-related issues. Because of the fear of getting fat or disgust for your own body, every meal is tense. Almost all foods and dishes are banned.
The psychology of anorexia lies in the fact that the patient is constantly thinking about diets, methods of losing weight, the calorie content of certain foods. Since such reflections areThey can take up most of the day, with no time left for family, work, friends or hobbies.
The outlook narrows, and all life comes down to the desire to lose pounds. Paradoxically, anorexic people are not satisfied with the outcome of their efforts. Whatever the figure becomes after long diets and physical exertion, it seems not enough.
The disease takes one of two forms:
- restrictions - weight loss is ensured by constant fasting, strict diets;
- cleansing - body weight is reduced due to the fact that after eating - often an excessive amount of food - the patient artificially induces vomiting in himself or by other means removes food from the body (diuretics, laxatives funds, special preparations).
It is difficult to treat anorexia because a distorted perception of one's weight, an abnormal approach to eating food is only the tip of the iceberg.
In essence, the patient's behavior masks the underlying psychological problems.
The symptoms of anorexia are complemented by such manifestations as depression, painful feelings of loneliness, a feeling of loss of control over one's life. These are problems that a person cannot solve with weight loss.
How do you know if you are sick?
Disease can be treated only when a person realizes that he is sick. Unfortunately, most patients stubbornly deny that there is a problem.
In addition, they carefully mask their unhealthy behavior, hiding their thoughts even from those close to them.
A simple test will help you identify signs of anorexia:
- Do you have a fear of gaining weight?
- Do you consider yourself a complete person in spite of others who claim that you are slim?
- Do you hide from others how much food you eat? Are you lying about how much you eat?
- Do your family and friends express concern about your weight loss and eating habits?
- Do you ever vomit or take medications after overeating or feeling like you've eaten too much?
- Do you feel satisfied during your fasting period or after cleansing your body with laxatives or vomiting?
- Does your self-esteem depend on size and body weight?
Anorexia testing helps to determine whether a person is prone to the disease and identify symptoms. If relatives or close people have identified a change in eating habits, noticed that a person is artificially vomiting or completely refuses to eat, you should immediately refer him to a doctor.
Consequences of anorexia
Constant fasting has dire physical effects. When the body is underdevelopedemitting the calories he needs, then begins to eat himself. All processes in the body slow down, since there is not enough energy for normal functioning. With prolonged fasting, the mind and body suffer, complications and side diseases accumulate like a snowball.
Here are just some of the dangerous consequences of the disease:
- Slow thinking, memory problems;
- depression, mood swings;
- drowsiness, weakness, loss of energy;
- skin and nail problems;
- bloating and frequent constipation;
- heart problems, pressure surges;
- gum damage, tooth decay;
- headaches, fainting, dizziness;
- violation of hair structure.
It is important to understand that the disease in severe forms is extremely dangerous.
Anorexic suicide rate is quite high.
Death is also possible due to complications caused by regular fasting.
Steps to recovery
The first step to recovery is usually the hardest. First of all, it is important to understand the problem and seek help. It is normal to feel that the disease has become a kind of friend and helps to get satisfaction from controlling the process of food intake. But it is imperative to recognize the devastating effects of anorexia and begin healing.
You should talk to someone who can support and not judge. This is important because anorexic people tend to hide their problem from prying eyes.
It can be scary and embarrassing to admit it, but you won't be able to cope with the disease on your own. With the help of relatives and friends, you need to find a professional psychologist, contact the clinic.
In the question of how to cure anorexia, it is important to remember one thing - first of all, you should refuse to communicate with people who are obsessed with the idea of harmony, promote strict diets and criticize healthy eating, referring to fashion trends. Avoid places that constantly talk about dieting, weight loss and lean.
Only the support and advice of an experienced specialist will help to restore a healthy attitude to food and your body, get rid of low self-esteem, and restore the joy of life.
Treatment sets itself a number of tasks:
- return normal weight;
- restore healthy, nutritious eating habits;
- change your attitude towards yourself and the world.
Supporting a sick person
Helping a loved one is the primary task of the anorexic family. It is important to gently lead him to the idea of treatment, but not to overdo it.
Excessive pressure will only push the patient away, he will withdraw into himself. You need to listen as much as possible and support his slightest attempts to return to normal life.
In order to help the anorexic as much as possible, you need to become a role model in following a healthy lifestyle. Can't be criticized withhowling appearance or, moreover, the weight and figure of the patient. You should forget the condemnatory tone, tactics of threats and intimidation.
Positive emotions, understanding, and comprehensive support can have a healing effect.
No matter how severe anorexia is, it can be overcome! You need to be patient and love yourself.