Pelvic inflammatory disease - causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

Acute gynecological problems - vaginal edema

Vaginal edema is one of the symptoms of inflammatory processes that occur in women with infectious diseases or vaginal microflora disorders caused by internal factors.

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Causes of pathology

Swelling of the mucous membrane can also be caused by an allergic reaction or trauma - with rubbing or bruising.

Still, the main reasons for the appearance of puffiness are gynecological diseases:

Acute gynecological problems - vaginal edema
  • vaginitis or colpitis;
  • vulvovaginitis;
  • vulvitis;
  • bartholinitis.

All these conditions are accompanied by itching and swelling of the vagina, redness of the mucous membrane, the appearance of abundant discharge. Treatment of diseases is carried out according to a similar scheme - antibacterial therapy or local anti-inflammatory drugs, restoration of normal microflora.

And yet these diseases have differences in their course, and some nuances in treatment.

Vulvitis, vaginitis and vulvovaginitis

With vulvitis, the inflammatory process covers only the mucous membrane of the external genital organs. If girls are sick, then he does not rise in ascending order. With vaginitis and vulvovaginitis, characteristic symptoms are localized simultaneously on the external genitals and in the vagina.

The etiology of diseases can be specific and non-specific.

Specific causes of illness:

  • the introduction of infection from the outside or its transfer through the bloodstream - the focus of inflammation can be in any organic system;
  • sexually transmitted diseases.

Non-specific causes of discomfort:

  • allergic manifestations;
  • injury;
  • taking certain medications;
  • hormonal imbalance;
  • violation of hygiene measures;
  • hypothermia;
  • surgical interventions of varying complexity.

Symptoms of diseases are also similar:

Acute gynecological problems - vaginal edema
  • edema and swelling of the mucous membrane;
  • her annoyance;
  • pain and cramps when urinating;
  • singingthe phenomenon of discharge - the consistency, the smell and color of which depend on the causative agent that caused the disease.

For example, if vulvitis is caused by a herpes infection, then ulcers form on the mucous membrane, which appeared after opening the papules. With candidiasis - the causative agent of the fungal flora - curdled discharge occurs, and the mucous membrane is covered with a whitish bloom.

If you remove it, pinpoint hemorrhages appear.

Colpitis in a woman who is in menopause is caused by hormonal disorders. During the illness, the discharge is scanty, thin and transparent, and the mucous membrane becomes dry, and - if you rely on the complaints of women - it becomes brittle, like mica.


Bartholinitis - inflammation of the Bartholi glands - appears when pathogenic microorganisms enter the Bartholi gland. The infectious process can cause an increased activity of the opportunistic flora of the vagina - gandarell or Candida, but more often the cause of the disease is Trichomonas and gonococci.

The invasion of strangers provokes an increased secretory work of the gland. Its function is to maintain constant moisture in the vagina. The passage of the gland is clogged with excessive secretion and desquamated epithelium, which is now not rejected, a favorable environment appears for the development of pathogenic flora - a purulent-inflammatory process begins - an abscess.

Disease symptoms:

  • vaginal edema on the part of inflammation;
  • throbbing may be felt;
  • general temperature rise;
  • severe pain when touching the genitals;
  • intoxication of the body.

The condition is quite serious and requires compulsory treatment.

Therapeutic scheme for the elimination of diseases that cause vaginal edema

Begin treatment by determining the microflora that provoked the inflammatory process.

Acute gynecological problems - vaginal edema

Next, antibacterial, antifungal or antiviral therapy is prescribed - in most cases it is necessary to apply a complex effect, since the disease is often caused by several groups of pathogenic microorganisms. Sometimes it is necessary to use drugs of general action - for example, for bartholinitis.

Irrigation with antiseptics has shown high efficiency in the treatment of infectious processes: Chlorhexidine , Furacilin , manganese permanganate solution.

To solve the problem - how to quickly relieve vaginal swelling and get rid of painful sensations - antihistamines are used. They can have local effects such as Fenistil Gel or Celestoderm , or taken orally.

Herbal baths with chamomile, oak bark, calendula, mother-and-stepmother accelerate the restoration of the integrity of the mucous membrane. At the last stage of treatment, vitamin therapy and immune agents are used - again, local and general action, whichthey eliminate dysbiosis and increase the body's defenses.

If antibiotic therapy does not cope with bartholinitis, surgical intervention is performed - the gland is opened. In the future, treatment is carried out according to the same therapeutic scheme as when recovering from any surgical intervention.

Vaginal edema during pregnancy

Pathogenic flora is not always related to the occurrence of puffiness in the external genitals during pregnancy.

At the beginning of pregnancy, the production of progesterone increases, the amount of thick mucous secretions increases. At the same time, blood flow increases in the genitals - the body begins to form the placental circle of blood circulation, through which nutrients and oxygen will be delivered to the developing fetus. Due to the increased blood flow, the labia swells, and their sensitivity increases, the mucous membrane acquires a rich pink color. The condition does not require treatment.

From the 2nd trimester, the uterus begins to grow vigorously, produces pressure on the surrounding tissues. A pregnant woman can feel pulling pains in the vagina, notice pronounced swelling. This is how varicose veins of the vagina manifest themselves.

Treatment is assigned individually. In some cases, they resort to medications, sometimes the doctor takes an observant position and tries to help solve the problem by rationalizing the work and rest regime and prescribing a special complex of exercise therapy.

In case of vaginal edema during pregnancy, caused by the activation of opportunistic flora, treatment is carried out with topical agents.

Vaginal edema after childbirth

Acute gynecological problems - vaginal edema

After childbirth, vaginal edema appears in most cases due to trauma. If overstretching occurs when the baby moves along the birth canal, the painful effect disappears within 2-3 days.

If there are ruptures - of the walls of the vagina and perineum - the edema subsides only after the defects are overgrown. These edemas are no different from those that occur when the body is damaged - no one is surprised that after a cut of the hand, swelling appears around the wound.

The postpartum woman needs to strengthen hygiene measures - after each trip to the toilet, wash the genitals and change the pads.

The emergence of a secondary infection at this stage is extremely dangerous - it can provoke an inflammatory process, and the infection will then rise up into the uterus, which has not yet recovered after childbirth. One of the most dangerous complications of this condition is sepsis.

Vaginal edema after Chinese phytotampon

Self-medication did not bring anyone to good, but women are constantly trying to heal themselves with the help of traditional medicine. If recovery with self-prepared means rarely leads to an inflammatory process, then the number of women who are treated after using Chinese phytotampon does not reduceXia.

For some women, this remedy really helps to rejuvenate and forget about all gynecological diseases right away, but for many it causes an allergic reaction. It is difficult to say what is the reason for this, the inability of European women to the herbs of China or the individual reaction to treatment. But this is the best option and appears if the original swab was used.

Acute gynecological problems - vaginal edema

Unfortunately, the use of fakes causes an inflammatory process due to the introduction of infection - it is not known in what conditions surrogates are made. If you decide to use a miracle cure, then you should definitely analyze your feelings.

When itching occurs, the tampon should be removed immediately. Any appearance of vaginal edema is a reason to consult a gynecologist. This symptom may indicate the development of inflammatory processes of various etiologies.

Don't expect the swelling to go away on its own. Yes, it can happen. But in this case, the process will turn into a chronic form, which can cause dangerous complications - including infertility in women of reproductive age.

Obstetrics and Gynecology – Vaginal Discharge / Vulvar Pruritus: By Kate Pulman M.D.

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